51 Isaiah / Part 1 (15. last inning)


Sorrow of our Lord

Isaiah 39:1-8
Matthew 26:36-38
‡T An appearance of Babylon

@It is the last inning of Part 1. 38-39 chapters last week when "Hezekiah and God" were drawn on was from Chapter 38. I took up faith of Hezekiah and heard it from Isaiah who told that the salvation was done through our faith to believe God. Hezekiah is counted one of the most excellent King because of his faith. A certain people think that Immanuel whom Isaiah says point at Hezekiah. However, he has another face. I want to watch it this morning. It is from Chapter 39. It seems that a serious message of Isaiah who leads to Part 2 is told to there.

@"At that time Merodach-Baladan son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that he had been sick and recovered."(1), it is appearance of new Babylonia. The down stream of the Euphrates, it leaves several hundred ‡q from Nineveh, but Babylon is still only a dependency of Assyria. This King was expelled by ‡USargon once and made comeback to the throne after his death again. Therefore, Sennacherib who failed in the Jerusalem capture, and quitted the west, was seemed to get nervous to Babylon. He expels him who came back again, only 1 year. "At that time" in fact, it is about time there is not a convalescent interval of Hezekiah, and it is about time Sennacherib still aims vigilantly the west, too. Therefore, for Babylon, was it accompanied by a chance of Assyria and would be going to cross Judea and a hand? Hezekiah troubled with Assyria invasion is delight for an approach of Babylon. He guided a messenger corps in the whole town and a palace of Jerusalem and opened a treasure storehouse and showed them proudly such as silver or money and weapons. Would it be the mark that he wanted to say that they are reliable allies or that he does not have hostility? Such a custom seems to be still left in Europe.

@Isaiah comes. "What did these men say, and from where have they come to you?" "They have come to me from a far country, from Babylon." "What have they seen in your house?" "They have seen all that is in my house; there is nothing among my treasuries that I have not shown them." Because, determination of Hezekiah to the ally was strengthened, then he welcomed them so much. As a person in charge who followed a country, Assyria would bend over a heart heavily in large measure. A way of his rapture is handed down..


‡U Politician Hezekiah and prophet Isaiah

@Hezekiah did not seem to understand why prophet Isaiah came and asked him such a question. When he put up the big Venus as a politician, he bragged very much, appeared and reported it to Isaiah. As for the alliance with Babylon, detailed information about Assyria is provided at least. In addition, it may be expected that he puts a bomb in the inside of enemy camp Assyria if successful. However, when messengers of Babylon inquire of the wonder that had happened in the land at ‡UChronicles 32:31, but Hezekiah does not let Isaiah attend a conference with messengers though it seems that a shadow of a sundial points at 10 degrees having come back it. With person Hezekiah of prayer to be seen in Chapter 36-37 and Chapter 38, I learn sense of incongruity a little. A feeling of Hezekiah may have been shaken by the preparation to Assyria invasion because of too much strain with many places and he was a convalescent. ‡UChronicles Chapter 32 says, "Hezekiah had immense riches and honor; and he made for himself treasuries for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, shields and all kinds of valuable articles, storehouses also for the produce of grain, wine and oil, pens for all kinds of cattle and sheepfolds for the flocks."(27-29), but such confidence as dignified King can't see there. An alliance with Babylon and a reinforcement request to Egypt of the back are felt with decision for such a heart to shake and do not grow. Neither consultation to Isaiah nor his figure praying for help of the Lord hard again is seen in this Chapter 39 at all.

@In addition, I think it is very mysterious, I have an impression that Isaiah who is going to tell warning to such Hezekiah does not meet messengers of Babylon in the middle of delight, and rather, he proceeds to a palace after they returned. I think that the whole stay of messengers is most suitable in order to prevent an alliance with Babylon, but he does not do so. Rather I feel Isaiah staring at Hezekiah's faith which is in ‡UChroicles (32:31) "God left him alone only to test him, that He might know all that was in his heart.". And Hezekiah cannot affect it. I think that is central subjects of Chapter 39. We want to learn our faith of the present age when stared so by from God and people, don't you?


‡V Sorrow of our Lord

@The eyes of Isaiah were different from rapture of Hezekiah which got a scholar of alliance such as Babylon conversely. Isaiah will wish that he wants to watch Hezekiah made for faith. I think that was warm eyes of God. We want to have posture to watch a person with such warm eyes of God. However, Isaiah cannot watch the faith that he prayed with shedding tears in Hezekiah once. He does not answer it whether he failed to hear it by in intention or carelessness about the question that "What did these men say?" of Isaiah. When man is seized with one's thought, that sounds like showing that there is no room which others' word is on. In particular, words of God who is an absolute another person! And there is declaration of Isaiah. The eyes of God were poured in the future of Babylon. "Hear the word of the Lord of hosts, 'Behold, the days are coming when all that is in your house, and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day shall be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,' says the Lord. 'And some of your sons who shall issue from you, whom you shall beget, shall be taken away; and they shall become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon.'"(5-7)@Babylon is a country, still weak and small, but it destroys Assyria before long and wins a fertility crescent moon zone of Mesopotamia, and it becomes a large country called world empire. The eyes of God foresaw that the Babylon flocked in this country. At that time, as well as the treasures which Hezekiah saved, it will be robbed of a crystal of the tears which successive King and inhabitants sweat and obtained. They are not only things but persons. "Some of your sons", does not always mean the next generation of Hezekiah. Because the age of Hezekiah is BC 700, there is nearly 120 years by "time" of Babylon.

@Even if he did not think possibly 120 years later, Hezekiah was conscious of difference of that time. Curiously he accepts prophecy of Isaiah of Babylon rise. However, extremely selfish say is heard that it will not happen in his generation. "Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, 'The word of the Lord which you have spoken is good.' For he thought, 'For there will be peace and truth in my days.'"(8) This will be basic way of life of the people who are not going to stand seriously before God, it includes us of the present age, as well as Hezekiah. And this is a message to lead to Part 2 of Isaiah. Babylon was used as a hand of God to the people who were non-faith. Isaiah is opposite to crimes of such persons with Part 2 and he is going to clarify a figure of the Messiah, our Lord who agonized thoroughly. The opening is condensed by a figure of such Hezekiah. And, there, I feel sorrow of God rather than anger. "My soul is deeply grieved, to the poit of death;" (Matthew 26:38) Don't you think it piles to Jesus, His thorny figure of Part 2 who said this? And in a certain meaning, I hear that is words of the Cross who suffers for us to the present age that are abandoning to agonize.