86 Expect the blessing from God

Luke 20:9-19
Psalms 118:21-29
Ⅰ He expected it to produce good grapes

Jesus began to talk to the people who were listening to a protest of Sanhedrin lawmakers for authority of His own. It is a continuation of the events of Passion Week Monday. Surely, Sanhedrin lawmakers, probably, they had a closed ear to dialogue with Jesus. The first, it is from the parable of the first half. "A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to vine-growers, and went on a journey for a long time. And at the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, in order that they might give him some of the produce of the vineyard; but the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. And he proceeded to sent another slave; and they heat him also and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. And he proceeded to send a third; and this one also they wounded and cast out. And the owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.' But when the vine-growers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying 'This is the heir; let us kill him that the inheritance may to ours.' And they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him, What, therefore, will the owner of the vineyard do to them? He will come and destroy these vine-growers and will give the vineyard to others." (10-16) The parallel article of Matthew (21:33-) has drawn this vineyard on the blueprint as in Isaiah, and this vineyard reminds us it is Israel that God created. There is it in Isaiah in this way. "And He dug it all around, removed its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine, and He built a tower in the middle of it, and hewed out a vine vat in it; then He expected it to produce good grapes, but it produced only worthless ones." (5:2) Luke has omitted its place, but probably, he would avoided becoming complicated. However, the minute he omitted it, the problems faced by Israel in reality seem emerge. Let's take a look another problems.


Ⅱ Farmer's way of the vineyard?

Farmers of the vineyard was probably the leaders of Israel such as chief priests, scribes, elders, and Pharisees (Matthew 21:45). And in particular now, people listening intently to the story of Jesus must be added to those fellow also. They are heros of the vineyard-Israel that God (owner) made. The eyes of Luke seems to staring at those people sharply deliberately. Owner was God and he went on a long journey, after lent his vineyards to farmers; perhaps, it seems to say that Israel was far away from God. People had heard eagerly hoping that Jesus will be Messiah, but they were only expecting a Messiah who would serve convenient to them; but Jesus was well aware that suddenly they would become adversaries to deny that He is the Messiah, when the wind direction was changed even slightly. So, there is it, "the scribes, chief priests, noticed Jesus has spoken this parable terribly themselves" (19), but we have to hear that Jesus has spoken ​​this story in mind to these people, from the beginning. And Luke would have superimposed the Gentile church of his time, including himself at there. And even in a church, they are hoping only Jesus (the Lord / God) who will give them priority and convenience of their own; such current situation seems to come into view. Such a trend seems also overlap to us today.

Another one; let's step into the heart of the message that Luke has wanted to hear it. The history of Israel which has consisted of such people was penetrated in the rejection to the prophets; it has been through for the refusal against the prophets who were sent from God as His servant, in the same way that "But the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty hand". And, it does not stop in the prophets, but it means to deny even "his beloved heir son" who the owner has sent the last. Farmers attempted to kill his son saying that "This is the heir; let us kill him that the inheritance may be ours." (14), and have run it out (15); it is based on the assumption that the tenancy agreement at the time had been connected by permanent sharecropping. If there was not heir, peasants were able to own that land. Perhaps, people of Israel who looked for the kingdom of God would not have thought at all that they would be able to get His kingdom in such a way. Luke has noted their surprise saying "when they heard it, they said, 'May it never be!'" (16). Still, they have chosen the path of these vine-growers. They had crucified Jesus with their swung up fist. Why? Because, they have walked far away from God for a long time; standard of consciousness and the wisdom to judge became strange. And, this also means us; and it is thought that this is a message of Luke in a strong awareness.


Ⅲ Expect the blessing from God

While staring at the people who said as "May it never be!", Jesus told. "What then is this that is written, 'The stone which the builders rejected, this became the chief center stone?' Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust." (17-18) Since learning the stone culture in Egypt, the flow of who "build a house" to deal with stone had followed without a break, in Israel. When choosing play an important role in supporting the whole house a "cornerstone", they have thrown away the stone including with the crack, and the stone which seemed to be firm but fragile inside, without regret, as worthless ones. The word which was quoted here is the word of Psalms 118:22, but Jesus has perceived it as being directed to Himself. We know enough that Jesus is not a such One, but He is discarded as a defective One. About the word of this defect, we must know it is including two meanings. One is that Jesus was "a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief," (Isaiah 53 3). Matthew has testified that He was piggybacked our illness (8:17), but it does not only mean the disease. The writer of Hebrews said "For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin." (4:15). The weak state which had a crack in the internal, originally, it was about us, but Jesus had owed those our weakness to Himself; it means the flawed cornerstone which should be discarded. About Jesus, it seems to be often misunderstood, but He is never such as a Superman. However, He had owed our weakness; that why, we must hear He is a savior for us. And another meaning of defect is that people cursed Jesus on the cross and discarded Him. They said. "If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross." (Matthew 27:40) They have branded that such One crucified is a defective one and He is not the Messiah. However, Isaiah has testified thus. "But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; the chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed." (53: 5)

Luke seems to be asking whether you hear the cross of Jesus so. He said, if you hear so, God invites us to His kingdom; however, if you do not hear, "Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.". This place was a continuation of the authority problem of Jesus. Whether we expect a blessing from the authoritative One, or we must be prepared to judgment, it is in the selection in front of God; and such decision is forced to us today. Don't you want to expect the blessing from God?



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