82 The One who is the King

Luke 19:28-40
Zechariah 9:9-17
Ⅰ Kingdom of God

"And after He had said these things, He was going on ahead, ascending to Jerusalem. And it came about that when He approached Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount that is called Olivet, He sent two of the disciples," (28-29) Jesus arrived in Jerusalem. It is the beginning of Jesus' final chapter, but is not the end. "After He had said these things,"; it refers to 10 teachings to the disciples (17:11-19:27), but those disciples are applied to the final chapter of Jesus, and a new chapter begins.

Now, the point of this morning is the marching of Jesus to Jerusalem. According to the other Gospels, Jesus stayed in Bethany (6 days ago of the Passover, Sabbath, John 12:12-), and went to Betepage (Matthew 21:1) in the evening of the next day (Mark 11:11), and He rode on a child of donkey, and marched to Jerusalem from the passage to the temple of the golden gate. Luke may have summarized up the neighborhood, as "when He approached Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount that is called Olive,". He seems confirming its route once again. "And as He was now approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples bagan to praise God joyfully with a loud voice." (37); the (old) Jericho Road comes down beyond the Mount of Olives, but it was the road that Jesus has taken. When you come down while watching the neighborhood of a sheep Gate right side and the Golden Gate which is the front of the valley of Kidron to the left side from the neighborhood of mountaintop, you can see good look of the temple and townscapes. However, at the same time, also for the Roman army that stationed on the hills of Antonio and the patron soldiers of the temple, a party of Jesus would be entering their field of view.

In addition to the matrix line of eye-catching, for the entry of Jerusalem, Jesus sent two disciples to prepare the child of the donkey. He is trying to enter to the castle by riding on it. "Go into the village opposite you, in which as you enter you will fond a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat; untie it and bring it here. And if anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' thus shall you speak, 'The Lord has need of it.'" (30-31) When disciples went there (33), oddly enough, like the words of Jesus, "The Lord has need of it.", owner (original is the Lord) did not any question, and he has handed over a child of the donkey to His disciples. It shows signs of "Miracle" which can not say in the description, such as that he is a hidden disciple of Jesus or an acquaintances. Now, Jesus is trying to appear Himself in front of people as the Lord, the Messiah, and the King. There is it in the Zechariah, "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey." (9:9).


Ⅱ The praise of disciples

Two disciples put their coat over on a child of the donkey which was brought; and Jesus rode on it. And people spread their jackets on the road where Jesus was going. It was the thing which was imitated a historical fact that they greeted their king so (Ⅱ Kings 9:13). However, when I compare to the parallel article of Matthew, because its route until entry into a fortress and its history and the prophecy of Zechariah are omitted, I feel it is lackluster. For some reason, it seems that Luke does not put this article in the center; this is the article that Jesus was marching to Jerusalem as king. No, it might be good to say that he was trying to ask another meaning that Jesus is the king. Therefor, in here, it was enough to say that Jesus was just acted as a King. Further detailed thing would not have needed for Luke.

Suddenly, the later article of Verse 37 of Luke which was indifferent begins to throb with vitality.
"And as He was now approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the miracles which they had seen, saying, 'Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord; peace in heaven and glory in the highest!'" (37-38) Perhaps, the praise of disciples started from the place where the temple and the town of Jerusalem was seen in their sight; the voice of praise arrived to the temple and town immediately. It was a combination of Psalm 118:26 and Zechariah 9:9 "Behold, your king is coming to you;", and it was known as Messiah prophecy at that time. Jesus ridden a child of the donkey would have become the center of attention of the people of the city in response. Soon, many crowd gathered.

Pharisees were in them. Probably, they would have thought bitterly for such spectacular behavior of disciples. They said, "Teacher, rebuke Your disciples." (39). They called to Jesus as "a teacher". But, even if it was discounted how much, it was not a call name higher than rabbi. They admitted Him as a teacher of Judaism, but did not want to admit Jesus who is acting as a King, now. As the One who is the Messiah.


Ⅲ The One who is the King

On the surface, it was the word such as those worried about the body of Jesus. At that time, for the One who is claiming to be the Messiah, it was always a very dangerous. It was the Jewish society that many Messiah of pretense had come out in the past. Movement of the proponents with such Messiah was considered a "riot" soon, and it was enforced with strictly. Of course, it does not need to say that the Messiah who served as a ringleader was executed after the arrest.

It is the time now. If Jesus stop the praise of His disciples and acknowledge that this is their runaway and even if you shall be caught by Rome soldiers, they would have views of the whole story from Antonio hill (official residence of the Governor-General Rome), but you will be able to excuse it still. Words were polite, but they Pharisees have begun to threaten Jesus. In fact, because the disciples almost were close merry to the riot, without understanding the true meaning of what Jesus is the King; such risk had enough.

However, Roman soldiers that would have been watching the state of the people who come down the mountain, considered a party of Jesus would not be a hazardous population. Was it the reason that they did not carry a weapon? The reason why they took action, it was that they felt the sign of riot on the opposite side which has accused Jesus, later. Rather, it would be better to say that Pharisees, the scribes, and the chief priests of the Jewish leaders wanted to stick a label of "danger" to Jesus than Rome. However, at that time, disciples were making noise while not know that reason, but their praise was appropriate. Surely, there would have been a work of the Holy Spirit there. Before long, they will be a person to tell the contents of that praise accompanied by profession of faith to the people. It says that "Jesus is the One who is the Lord who came to our place, King of peace, the Messiah, and the Savior!". While staring at that "time", Luke would have been writing this article.

They Pharisees have witnessed it clearly in a party that was coming from the Olive mountain, as fact with no room for misunderstanding. That's why they were not accepted. And, Jesus also discerned clearly such intentions of them, and refused it. "I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!" (40) "The stones will cry out!"; the "stones" seems to be related to Verse 44, but because it is the next point, I will touch it the next time; now let's listen. Jesus said that if we do not confess Jesus is the Lord and become a witness of the resurrection and the cross, then the stone which cannot speak will cry out that Jesus is our Savior! Now, we are becoming so. If the stone cry out, what we will be said from the Lord? So that it does not be said "I do not know you" from the Lord, now, we must excite our ministry of the disciples.



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