81 The work of the Lord

Luke 19:11-27
Haggai 2:4-9
Ⅰ A kingdom of God

"And while they were listening to these things, He went on tell a parable, because He was near Jerusalem, and they supposed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately." (19:11) The text of this morning is the last of 10 teachings that Jesus taught to His disciples on the way to Jerusalem. On the part of the beginning, this is the preface of Luke, but the story of Jesus has been talked about as things in the house of Zacchaeus. In the articles of Zacchaeus, it was written like this.

People of the town said. "He has gone to be the guest of a man who is sinner." (19:7) Last week, I imagined here, "They were about droves after Jesus, but they did not want to know anything about Jesus, and they only wanted the Messiah-hero who could change the Jewish society which was confused and occluded. If Jesus is the Messiah who builds ​​a new kingdom, ...". If He was the right Jews (like themselves), He did not defile Himself by contact with the sinner, they thought. "Above all, this person will be the Messiah, and He will build a kingdom up to Jerusalem from now, but is He really the Messiah?", it was their murmur. The expectations of the Messiah kingdom would have been also among His disciples, in addition to the suspicion of such people. They have a leader, and turgid matrix have been tailored; it will be a manifestation of such expectations. He saw such their expectations; the story of Jesus begins.

"A certain nobleman went to a distant country to receive kingdom for himself, and then return." (12)
In this story, perhaps, two fragments which had been thought as different things are built. One of those is a story which begins with "And he called ten of his slaves, and gave them ten minas, and said to them, 'Do business with this until I come back.'" (13); it occupies the most quantity of this story. And another thing, as it is directly linked to the statement of the onset of Verse 12, it is added here, "But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We do not want this man to regain over us.​​'" (14). Probably, it is also following Verse 27; its amount is not many, but while sandwiching the parable of Mina from Verse15-26 and Verse 13, it is wrapping a parable as protagonist. These separated fragments were combined and became one story. Surely, this is editing of Luke. The message of Luke would have been superimposed to the message of Jesus. We want to hear it.


Ⅱ In the interval of farewell and reunion with the Lord

I was at a loss which I should take up first; but let's take a look from the leading role.
At the situation in which are combined Verse 14 and Verse 12, this is a story as parable, but there is a model in this setting. AD4 years, Herod the Great died, and now, his son Akerao has become monarch the Jewish district by the will of his Father. So he will go to Rome to try to get the approval of the King of all Jews, as successor of his Father. His father also had obtained the authorization of the Jewish king from Rome. However, around the same time, the mission of the Jews visited Rome, and had petitioned to Rome that the reign of Herod family to the territories of Jews should be abolished. After that, Akerao showed the tyrant first time, and has been expelled territory eventually, but as if it is not necessary, it did not have been mentioned here. To come back to get the throne from far. Probably, Jesus would have superimposed Himself to that model. This is the thing of Jesus Himself. Also, to Jesus who is the Messiah, people does not try to recognize it, but after He went to the place where the royal power would be given, that power would be exercised for the first time. Apostles' Creed is a testament to clearly about it. "Under Pontius Pilate, He was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended to the dead. On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead." Parting and reencounter with His disciples, it is not other than the Ascension and the Second Coming. He went to Jerusalem, but it was not to build the kingdom of God like disciples had expected it; in fact, it was to break up with them.

If we keep it in mind, we can understand why parable of another scenario / Mina has been told in this story. These slaves are the disciples. In the article of Bartimaeus (18:35-43), a trip to Jerusalem of Jesus was close to the end, but that step was not yet over. We have heard the message of Luke saying that the disciples also have been added in its community of faith and their new step began. Luke has been aware of it here.


Ⅲ The work of the Lord

Before embarking on a journey to far away, the king called 10 of his slaves and gave them 1 Mina at the time; and he ordered "Do your business with this." At the concurrent article of Matthew (25:14-30), it is the highest amount money / Talent to be used in the calculation, but Luke uses expensive money Mina next to Taranto here. 1 Mina is the wage of 100 days of one worker, but because this is the currency of Greece, I think Luke was considering readership of this Gospel. Anyway, this king has entrusted the things of his absence to them. Because the business has been performed among the people with hostility to the king, it was included the political intentions of governance of the king to go smoothly after returning home. So, to the one who grossed 10 Mina to under 1 Mina, it was said that "Well done, good slave, because you have been faithful in a very little thing, be in authority over ten cities." (17), and he has been appointed large. To the one who earned 5 Mina to under 1 Mina was also entrusted with control of the five towns; probably it will imply a new nation-building. Then, the third one said, "Master, behold your mona , which I kept put away in a handkerchief; for I was afraid of you, because you are an exacting man ; you take up what you did not lay down, and reap what tiy did not sow." (20-21). However, its attitude did not understand the intent of the king at all, and it exposed the way the mind was not at all suited to the beginning of a new nation-building; then, he was said, "Take the mina away from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas." (24 ), and he has received severe treatment.

Now, before parting with His disciples, Jesus is going to entrust the work of Himself to them. Mina, it might be smaller than Talent; but it will be a work which they can respond. Luke seems to imply that it builds up the church of the Lord on this earth. He seems to expect in its time of disciples that Church formation will begin to the Acts finally. And its work has continued to us, modern era, but it is to build the Church of the Lord (the local church) on the earth, and it has a lot of missing things really. We must push on its work with all our energy. Because, soon, the Lord of the Second Coming will come to this earth with His kingdom and with His true church. Our profit will be incorporated into that new kingdom; Jesus is expecting its profit. "I tell you, that to everyone who has shall more be given, but from the one who does not have, even what he does have, even what he does not have, even what he does have shall be taken away." (26) "But these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, who did not want regin over them, bring them here and slay them in my presence." (27); slightly violent warning and blessing have been spoken, but disciples began their work in that tension. The Lord of the blessing and the judgement comes soon. Because we are approaching at that time more than our predecessors, it will be encouragement to our faith.



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