78 But, please listen

Luke 18:31-34
Isaiah 53:1-6
T The plan of salvation

"Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem," (31); until the day of the cross, it had only one week left. Near Jericho, no, it might have been in Jericho. To Jerusalem from Jericho, it is one day journey. Jesus called together 12 disciples, and told about what will happen to Him in Jerusalem. In the articles of Luke, this was the fourth notice of Passion (the third times, in Matthew and Mark) following 9:22, 9:44, 17:25, and this was the last notice.

About the Passion notice of three times, I covered those already, so I do not touch the details; but now, I want to check those here. The first was immediately after the confession of disciples to Jesus saying "You are Christ of God". "The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day." (9:22) The second is in the time that people have marveled at Jesus who was cast out demons. "Let these words sink into your ears; for the Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men." (9:44) The third was in the time that Jesus was speaking the day of the end. "But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation." (17:25) These have to hear in the context of each. However, without knowing what is being said, disciples seemed only to have anxiety.

This expression was intended to convince the Jews (and his disciples) who lived in the pride as a chosen people of God. He ties them and God, the prophet was such one. But, Luke seems to represent the Bible to the "prophets", as his teacher Paul said (1 Corinthians 15:3-). Because, this is the Gospel and a plan of the salvation of God. Luke's wish wanting to be heard it carefully, seems to be transmitted. Probably, this is a message of Luke to the Gentile church.

U As a message to the Gentile church

Now, this is Passion notice, the center of this phrase. "For He will be delivered to the Gentiles, and will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon, and after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him; and the third day He will rise again." (32-33) Because this phrase has not related to the front and rear as a context, it will be good to hear as an independent phrase which was told from wish to tell only the things of Passion to disciples. In that respect, but it does not see Passion notice three times before. Did Jesus hope to tell what of the Passion? I am fumbling..., but I want to reach to the center. I feel that the thought of Jesus and Luke is jam-packed closely there.

The Gentiles to be said here, it is that of the Romans. The chief priests and elders who arrested Jesus convicted to death Him at en banc, but they had no authority of the punishment execution. So they delivered Jesus to Governor, General ruler of Rome. For the preparation for the riot of the emergency that may occur in the Passover, governor Pilate summoned troops of Silja to Jerusalem; the soldiers crucified Jesus in the instruction of Governor-General. "He will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon"; it is that Jesus became the plaything of them. The state of suffering which was announced so far was intended strong nuance by the chief priests, the elders, the scribes (Matthew 20:18); but, this time, it is said clearly that it is due to the Gentiles. To fight against God, there is no distinction between Jews and Gentiles. And in the same way, there is no distinction in the salvation of Jesus. I felt the spread of the gospel has been consciousness there. Our present age also is standing in its spread.

And these words are not in the article of Matthew (Was the article of Mark influence of Luke?); although oddly enough, the state of Rome soldiers playing Jesus like a plaything was written in the article of Passion of Matthew (27:27-31). But in the Passion of Luke, he wrote the notice of mockery of soldiers ( Chapter 23) and showed the disgust ( 23:25 ) to Jewish crowd that requested the cross to Jesus, saying that there was the same opportunity to them, then he did not cover the actions of Roman soldiers. Even if they were the Romans, Luke was also the Gentiles, and churches abroad were also a Gentile church; would he have had a resistance to note it? However, it was sure that Jesus told in this way; so he wrote it here including a warning to the church.

V But, please listen

Let's move to the another center, "And after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him, and the third day He will rise". Abuse by Roman soldiers "Be mocked and mistreated and spit upon,", it goes to punishment of flogging, and finally it goes on the cross. Although the crucifixion was a severe punishment of Rome, it seems that soldiers did not add similar insult to all sinners. At least, concerning the two criminals who were executed with Jesus, there is no evidence that such a thing was done. Concerning the insult to Jesus, I get the impression it was special. Why? This is my impression; when relationship with God is thin, reaction to God of people (modern) is largely positive, but, when relationship become more deeply, the rejection seems to become stronger. When relationship with God becomes stronger, we hear the question to our own; so we may not afford to have a quality criticism of the gods. The Roman soldiers heard that Jesus was the Messiah, so such a reaction came out, I think. Usually, they would not do such absurd. Romans were known as a serious hard worker and a tolerant nation in religion. But now, they were standing in front of Jesus, God Himself. Would that rejection have not been in the manifestation of the feeling that they do not admit Him as their own "Lord" Jesus? Not only Roman soldiers, it will be able to say also to all onlookers there. They said, "He is the King of Israel; let Him now come down from the cross, and we shall believe in Him." (Matthew 27:42)

When we pick up any part of human history, the attitude of defiance against God, it will be able to say the same. It may be we do not want to hear it. But, please listen. However, God has resolutely rejected such a human thought. "And the third day He will rise again.", this was the answer of God. This intention of Passion notice seemed to be here. Even if we refused it so much, Jesus died on the cross as our Savior, and was revived. Unfortunately, the disciples did not understand it still here. "And they understood none of these things." (34); this was a testimony of the disciples. But, disciples became witnesses of the resurrection of Jesus. However, it is not possible to be a witness only by the experience "We met Jesus of the resurrection". Luke had wanted "the word of God" behind it as witness. "All these things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished"; would it be a consideration to the Gentiles church (to us) from such Luke? It will be able to say that Luke has taken over the teaching of Paul, "So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ." (Romans 10:17). This is a message to us "Listen!" from Jesus and Luke. "He was despised and forsaken of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and like one from whom men hide their face, He was despised, and we did not esteem Him" (Isaiah 53:3); however, such One is our Lord!