6 No room for them

Luke 2:1-7
Isaiah 53:3

T The hour has come

 It is from birth of Jesus this morning. "Now it came about in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth. This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria."(1-2) Augustus, he defeated the Allied Forces of Antony and Cleopatra by the sea fight of Actuum which it bet the political power on; and he is Octavianus who became the emperor of the beginning of Rome. He wants to be Pax Romana in succession to the will of Caizal, and maintains the military road that is called a road in Rome and the infrastructure to strengthen the Danube defense line, the Rhine defense line, and the Syria / Cilicia defense line. The emperor ordered "Resident registration" in countries under rule; it would be basic material to collect money for that.

 "In those days", it seems taking John the Baptist birth into consideration. Beside, it is said "This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria."; will it be to be conscious of the generation of this event? Syria (including Judea) was a center of the defense line that protected Pax Romana from the menace of the Parthia kingdom. It is very approximate, but perhaps the modern bibliology supposes it is the second national census in BC8 year. Then, the days when an Imperial ordinance arrives at end Judea, the Jesus birth, will become BC6 age. BC is abbreviation of English "before Christ", but the person named Dionishuus variously calculated this in the sixth century, and "Anno Domini" was started from his idea in the Christian era. It is so-called Christ first year. As a matter of fact, it is about six years earlier, and this is an established theory, now.

 Luke does not assume such a correct generation in fact. His intention seems to have been in different place. Though the key of the setting, "while Quirinius was governor of Syria", is said as the evidence of the age, but, in fact, he did not understand it still well. Perhaps, Luke was not going to speak the generation precisely and wanted to say that an event of Jesus birth was a fact. Perhaps, Luke was not going to speak the generation precisely and wanted to say that an event of Jesus birth was a fact. That event was incised on our history, and the One who incised it was God. The resident registration by Augustus, and, Quirinius went for the post of governor of Syria; those were written in at timetable of God, I imaged it. The birth of Jesus was made up the hour of God, don't you think so?


U At the place of Jesus birth

 Anyway, it is the order of the emperor. "And all were proceeding to register for the census, everyone to his own city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register, along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child."(3-5) "His own town"; it's a town where "he was born", or a town there is a land of "ancestral land". And that land was given from God for Israeli; even if he leaves there for a long time, but when he stands on that land, he can feel God so close, and He becomes his own God. He goes to such land to register, it means authorization of the native district right is there where he belongs. Once, Israel who became captivity in Assyria and Babylon, lost land of oneself and had to leave the town which lived so long. Or there would be the people who parted with the land for poverty. Therefore the people who returned from other country, and the people who were settling unavoidably in other towns for poverty, would advance to register it from oneself with joy. They would be to have proceeded to "his own town" while feeling the joy that lost land returns to. And the meaning to confirm his root was there. Because perhaps Luke was a Greek born in Antioch, he may not have understood such an earnest desire of Jews well, however he imagined such their earnest desire, as a believer; I think so.

 Joseph was not also an exception, too. He carried the family tree which has been conveyed from generation to generation, and was accompanied with Mary that was almost the due month. Because her name would have been already written in the family tree. "The wife of the fiance" is way of speaking for an engagement to mean legal marriage in Judea. It opens a banquet that "fiances" are produced (a wedding ceremony) and it begins after they begin living together, but they do not still live together. However, they stood at the place of Jesus birth as a couple (Mary becomes the member of David royal families).


V No room for them

 Perhaps, when they left Nazareth, they were with people of some; but, because they walked with taking a rest (back of the ass?), they would have been completely late. When they arrived at Bethlehem, people has overflowed everywhere already. In those days, in Bethlehem of the small village, there was not a witty thing like an inn. Where "inns" partitioned off one ken of only private house with one piece of curtain generally and kept one room for visitors, it was "private homes providing meals and lodging" with the domestic animal of the sheep etc.. And even one room became sharing as a room of the people of some; perhaps, a limited registration period would be notified. Even such "private homes providing meals and lodging" became full in a moment; and for Joseph and Mary who were delayed, there were not the place offered small space, even if they would take out a family tree and say they were David's descendant.

 "And it came about that while they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her first-born son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn."(6-7) In such situation, Jesus was born. "And (she) laid Him in a manger", it seems to suggest that the place where Jesus was born was domestic animal hut. According to tradition, it was made domestic animal hut in the cave; (Church of the Nativity, the oldest church in the world is built on that top, now). Bethlehem, the town itself was built on the slightly elevated rocky mountain, perhaps it seems that it was chosen such a strong ground position, for defense. Because there is nothing around, we can look to Jerusalem from this town. People would be able to catch the attack of the enemy quickly. It seems that there are some cave which was dug out such a rocky mountain in Bethlehem, but the air of in it is dry unexpectedly, and comfortable space. Surely, it would be the most suitable place to keep the domestic animals such as the sheep, because it was warm in winter and coolly in summer. They were able to creep in in such a place, probably they would look for it hard. It was good for them that was not sharing a room of the private home, and it would be also consideration of God, I think.

 However, Luke will put irony without explaining such circumstances in detail, and says. "There was no room for them in the inn.". Nobody knew it that now their Lord was born immediately there, and they refused that One... However, God wanted to be God for such them. They were also valuable existence for God. Therefore Jesus had to be born. Jesus was born in middle of them and us. I want to repeat it again. The heart of the person, it faces only the near future such as land or the property, and they do not feel that "How God pity for them!" and "How He is anxious for their salvation!". Will not it be rightly modern people itself? "There was no room"; it will be that "He was abandoned by a person". It was us that refused Jesus. Luke is going to testify with the cross by this article. Jesus was born to die with the cross, we want to hear it carefully.