56 In succession to the center of time

Luke 11:37-54
Psalms 51:10-19
T Invited to the meal

 Jesus goes around Jewish local towns villages before He goes to Jerusalem. It was the training of disciples. Jesus said in a prologue of that training; "but only a few things are necessary, really only one," (10:42); it was because He was going to teach the important thing (necessary thing) to disciples, and he went around Judea for several months. Luke would value that period. Therefore, he spends many pages from Chapter 11 to Chapter 19. It was the article of "Beelzebul question and answer" (14-28) and the article of "sign from heaven" (29-36); and it was premised that the first teaching was about the prayer (11:1-13) and the second was debate with the Pharisees. However, here, Pharisee and Sopher are covered and they do not come out to the surface. While watching the times until the present age beyond them, Luke says that if lost sight of God, it is "the bad generations"; but are they representatives of the bad generation? Pharisee and Sopher appear here in the text of this morning.

 There is it, "Now when He had spoken, a Pharisee asked Him to have lunch with Him; and He went in, and reclined at the table. And when the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first ceremonially washed before the meal." (37-38). It was not always a rare thing that Jesus was invited to the meal. And, because Jesus was going around towns villages now; people who heard His story and was healed from illness and who have heard such reputation, they would want to invite Jesus to their house all together. This Pharisee was the one who heard His story. Israel has a tradition to invite a prophet to the meal from old days, and seems invitation of Jesus which inherited it. However, this Pharisee was concerned with "ceremonially washing" than treating a visitor. This is a relatively new ceremony of the Judaism added to religion courtesy form by notification from an elder of Jerusalem of the latter period. The severe observance of the law is a sign in front of a theater of the Pharisees. It originally was to adhere rigidly to Law of Moses (in the Bible), but various notification was incorporated in "law" as a broad interpretation of the Bible, all too soon. And because most Jews followed even such a courtesy hard, when he watched that Jesus did not wash a hand, he felt it very strange.

U From the One who is God Himself

 However, Jesus said. The scolding to Sopher and to Pharisee is same in Matthew, but Luke separates this. Because the criticism to Jesus began with a Pharisee, probably, at a point of the historic progress, it applies to the article of Luke. At first, I want to look from the scolding of Pharisee. "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but inside of you, you are full of robbery and wickedness. You foolish ones, did not He who made the outside make the inside also? But give that which is within as charity, and then all things are clean for you. But woe to you Pharisee! For you pay tithe of mint and rue and every kind of garden herb, and disregard justice and the love of God; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others. Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the front seats in the synagogues, and the respectful greetings in the market places. Woe to you! For you are like concealed tomb, and the people who walk over them are unaware of it. " (39-44)

 It seems to have been said based on a parting sermon (Deuteronomy 27:11 -26) of Moses said to be "happiness and the declaration of the evil". However, because here is not the part of the blessing, we must hear this is the declaration to the people named "the evil". Surely it is thought that Jesus took such a style to make it clear that they are scolded by Moses whom they cannot help admiring.

 Still, it is unusually aggressive for Jesus. Why He is so aggressive? Two things seem to be thought about. This is the scolding to Pharisees from God, because they respect "notification" from the authority called the elder but ignore God. It seems to be the first reason that He used the form of the declaration called "Woe to you!" of Moses.

V In succession to the center of time

 And the another thing, it is thought that they are thinking about only self-interest and make the people same "the evil" and they are asked the responsibility. Next, we will look at the article of the scolding of Sopher which Luke separated. A certain specialist in law argued, "Teacher, when You say this, You insult us too.". But Jesus said. "Woe to you lawyers as well! For you weigh men down with burdens hard to bear, while you yourselves will not even touch the burdens with one of your fingers." (46) Such their state appear in our eye; they sat cross-legged as authoritative great teacher, and continued giving various "notification" and got fat by those notification. It was said as the scolding to a Pharisee; "you pay tithe of mint and rue and every kind of garden herb,"; it hit their essence indeed; they wanted to show only their outside that they are faithful to God, though they let their tenants make the most, but, their breast did not ache. Both a Pharisee and the Sopher will be foxes of the same den. "Give that which is within as charity, and then all things are clean for you."; did it say that they exploited the people (especially poor people)? The eye of Jesus seems to be suitable for poor people all the time.

 Probably, Luke sounds an alarm bell, because there is temptation to overlap with their life style to leaders of the church. The Western Church of the Middle Ages was so. I hope that it does not apply this modern church.
 Jesus is concentrating power on the last training of disciples now. Not only 12 apostles, but also 70 new disciples who were sent from towns and villages of Peraea and from the Judea neighborhood, begin to work soon for the church of Jesus. It may be said that the words to continue taught the steepness of the way which disciples should trace rather than scolding to Sopher. "Woe to you! For you build the tombs of prophets, and it was your fathers who killed them. Consequently, you are witness and approve the deeds of your fathers; because it was they who killed them, and you build their tombs. For this reason also the wisdom of God said 'I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and some of them they will persecute, in order that the blood of all the prophets, shed since the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the house of God; yes, I tell you, it shall be charged against this generation.' Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge; you did not enter in yourselves, and those who were entering in you hindered." (47-52)

 "It shall be charged against this generation"; is not it right the insight only by the One as the center of time? Surely, He will demand such insight from disciples, too. This is because they will walk the center of time as an agent of Jesus. And we must hear that it is demanded from modern us. However, it was not possible for Sopher, who shut itself up in the frame of religion called the Judaism, even to a glimpse of such world. They corner Jesus to the cross before long.