53 Received the soul of Jesus

Luke 11:1-13
Isaiah 45:1-3
T The prayer of the group of Jesus

 The point of this morning is three articles that He taught about prayer to the disciples. "And it came about that while He was praying in a certain place, after He had finished, one of His disciples said to Him, 'Lord, teach us to pray just as John also taught his disciples.'" (1) This opening sentence tells that each Jewish religion group has their joint prayer in those days, and it tells there have been an idea that "The group of Jesus" should have such a prayer, too. In other words, the disciples were conscious of "The group of Jesus" in here, and they demanded joint prayer to Jesus to be recognized by the world as the religious community. The first prayer is the thing which is near to Matthew called "the Paternoster", but it is not same and short as it is felt rather fragmentary. However, to supplement it, Jesus added two stories. So, it seems that Jesus was going to show it, "What's prayer?", beyond the ceremonious joint prayer.


U Beyond joint prayer

 Any way, it is this "Paternoster". "Father, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation." (2-4) As for the Paternoster, Matthew and Luke become two copies of structure both; and in Part 1, it is wish about God, and in Part 2, the wish about us plays a key role. I will introduce an article of Matthew to reference. "Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread." (6:9-13)

 I will explain only a little. At first, here, "our Father who art in heaven" is changed to "Father"; it will be because it demanded that the eyes of disciples stare at Jesus. Because, the one who can call God "Father" is only people who received salvation of Jesus. And, the reason why the prayer, "Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" is not there, would He think it is included in the prayer, "Thy kingdom come"? The Jesus-centered world seems to be developed there, too. About "Give us each day our daily bread", it becomes "Give us this day our daily bread" in Matthew; because if this is prayer of the morning, it means "today", but if this is prayer of the evening it means "tomorrow". And next, Luke says it in other words, "forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us". It it will be consciousness of Luke that he express "sins" in other words, "debt", because even if it is "sins" in front of God, but if we go to ourselves, it is only a "debt". And of the last part "deliver us from evil", he seems to say it is unnecessary for God of the blessing. When we think so, the prayer is a wish from heartily, not a flowing elegant ceremony sentence; and we feel also that Luke aims at the prayer that there should be originally.

 Possibly, Luke omitted a ceremonious element to teach this at the foreigner church which was built and put up, he wanted to pursue extract of the prayer, and it became this form, I imagined it so. At the foreigner church that he related to, this seemed their joint prayer. Anyway, it seemed to be concise from the beginning as for the original document; but he repeated examination including a thing of Matthew many times and he adopted this. In editing, he could to supplement that missing part, but he did not do it; it would be a judgment of Luke, I think. Jesus who taught this "Paternoster" many times had left this concise prayer, he took it so.

 And here, I hear the question to us of the present age. If Jesus is going to teach this prayer modern us, will it become what kind of "Paternoster"? Now, we are following an article of Matthew as a courtesy sentence of the churches after the fashion of the Western Church; but the article of Luke seems to ask such us, "Thus are you good?". It is not that Luke is better than Matthew. Jesus taught both. But it seems to say that we must not arrange these words only as a worship sentence, but make our true prayer, as an admonition.


V Received the soul of Jesus

 Anyway, as for Luke, there would have been the understanding that God is the One who cannot recognize without Jesus, I think. He wanted to talk about Jesus above all. From a story of Jesus told to supplement "Paternoster", shall we hear it? At first, it is from the first story. "Suppose one of you shall have a friend, and go to him at midnight, and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves; for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him'; and from inside he shall answer and say, 'Do not bother me; the door has already been shut and my children and I are in bed; I cannot get up and give you anything.' I tell you even though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence he will get up and give him as much as he needs." (5-8)

 This was an allegory, but, in then poor Jewish real life, such situation was not at all a rare thing. "The bread three" was quantity of one meal for one of them, and possibly it might be bread of the barley which poor people ate. The one who went for a request was not able to set even it. It does not need to say this is equal of "daily bread" in the Paternoster. This allegory lets you imagine the ending that he would have lend it, after all. This is the thing which taught that we continue praying; and it is not asked to pray a lot, but primarily, it is asked whether the trust (faith) to the Lord was established or not, we must remember it. If we consider a reliable friend is Jesus, we will be able to understand that Jesus has heard that prayer from a beginning.

 It is the another thing. "And I say to you, ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. For everyone who asks, receives; and he who seeks, finds; and to him who knocks, it shall be opened. Now suppose one of you fathers is asked by his son for a fish; he will not give him a snake instead of a fish, will he? Or if he asked for an egg, he will not give him a scorpion, will he? If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?" (9-13) Here, while pulling of the talk in front, a talk is pushed forward mainly on "to demand". It is thought that these three arranged words, "ask", "seek", "knock", are going to swell the heaviness of the same thing in sequence. And that composition is repeated from "evil father" to "Father of the heaven". The message of Luke is completed at that point that even if a person did not know what he demand, God will give an important thing above all. It is "the Holy Spirit". And, through this Gospel, and Acts, it will not need to repeat that this is the central subject of Luke. It might be better to say in other word, the spirit of the Lord. "I believe Jesus", is not it the confession that only people who received the soul of Jesus can do? For one who asks, he will be given the best promise. Under of the such positive promise, we wish to repeat prayer to touch abba.