51 In the times when love is lost

Luke 10:25-37
Leviticus 19:13-18
T To inherit eternal life

 The text of this morning begins from question of the expert of the law; I touched it last time, but, probably, he would be an assassinator sent from Jerusalem, "And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and put Him to the test, saying," (25) He will be Sopher. Luke expresses it expressly in other words, a specialist in law, at here. As for it, because sages of Jerusalem foresaw that they would have to argue with Jesus about the law, they chose especially from Sophers, and sent him; it was Luke's recognition, I think.

 "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" (25) The concept of "the eternal life" had been in the Old Testament, and it is thought that it was incorporated in Judaism of the latter period, this Sopher seems to belong, and in the New Testament, through the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament). Yes, Sopher and Jesus used this word by the same nuance. According to it, "eternity" is that the time of a limited instant continue endlessly, and the Jew recognized that innumerableness / infinity belong to God and recognized Him, the Messiah as the center of time. "If He calls Himself the Messiah, He must show a clear answer to this question now!"; their logic was like that. "If He is an imitation, of course He may not answer. However, if He is a true Messiah..., but, He has become a person, and He is in our hand now. He is here; it shows He is a existence made materiality in instant as a limited; therefor now, there is not the qualification to talk about eternity for Him." He was going to try to test Jesus, it shows such neighborhood. He was a real specialist in law.

 However, he asked, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?". Usually, people often called "the rabbi" to the people who was respected as "a teacher"; but he only called Jesus a teacher in the meaning of "the person who teach"; he did not call Jesus "the rabbi". He did not recognize Jesus as the Messiah from the beginning. Besides, he asked Him a question "What shall I do?". Indeed, it is the law-like idea among Jews. The Jew had been taught to be able to get the benefit / "the eternal life" which should be conferred from God one-sidedly by observing law. Such things which had been taught from his child era would have peeped out. However, Jesus answered him carefully.


U Before God's words

 "What is written in the Law? How does it read to you?" (26) Because the questioner was a specialist in law, would Jesus expect him to find that answer by giving him some advice? No, possibly, Jesus might have prepared to him the best answer to throw away such malice. Because, He has drawn out a thing (the Bible) which he trusted most from himself. He becomes a true seeker after truth before God's words, it would be a wish of Jesus. However, according to Matthew, this was just before the event which was broken off friendship with a Jewish leader (22:34-46), therefore he did not seem to abandon the malice. Anyway, he thought it would become the law discussion like his expectations, and stuck out his chest and answered. "And he answered and said, 'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.'" (27) Rabbis told that the whole law was gathered by the two admonitions (Deuteronomy 6:5, Leviticus 19:18). An emcee appealed for this with "a schema" (hear it) in the worship, and attendants sang it in chorus by these two admonitions; it was the Jewish confession of faith called "the schema" (prayer), and people advocated this twice a day. He answered it by this schema without any hesitation. And Jesus said. "You have answered correctly;" (28)

 He gave it a right answer as Jesus expected it. However, it was insufficient. Jesus said successively. "Do this, and you will live.". (28) They Sopher only played with words while engaging in holy responsibility to maintain words of God definitely. Jesus would have pointed out it keenly.


V In the times when love is lost

 "But wishing to justify himself, he said to Jesus, 'And who is my neighbor?'" (29) Surely, even though He said to him, "your answer was right", but he could not think it was agreed heartily by Him. He got unexpected answer by the word "Do this,", and he asked again, "And who is my neighbor?" to show his own correctness. Probably, he would never have the chance to have to prove his own correctness so far. Because he was a teacher of the law and an expert of the law, it was a matter of course that he was right. There are not even a shadow and form which is including the first question that he asked about eternal life, anymore here. He would be totally unconcerned about such a thing from the beginning. And, from this second question, his embarrassment would be seen, "I am right. What should I do more?". Even though he advocates twice schema on a day, but a state of thing that he is not conscious of a neighbor is highlighted.

 But, Jesus was going to face each other carefully to him from the front. The allegory which He spoke at that time was "a good Samaritan". "Jesus replied and said, 'A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho; and he fell among robbers, and they stripped him and beat him, and went off leaving him half dead. And by chance a certain priest was going down on that road, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. And likewise a Levite also, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, who was on a journey, came upon him; and when he saw him, he felt compassion, and came to him, and bandaged up his wounds, pouring oil and wine on them; and he put him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And on the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper and said, 'Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I return, I will repay you.' 'Which of these three do you think proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell into the robbers' hands?' And he said, 'The one who showed mercy toward him.' And Jesus said to him, 'Go and do the same.'" (30-37)

 This burglars (team), it is a political organization formed in Galilee and is the Zealot. That they regain sovereignty of the politics in a Jewish hand; did naturally that they recruited the fund from the Jew of the countryman (even do burglarize!). As a matter of course, Rabbi and the Levite are that targets. They finished worship in Jerusalem now, and would return. Jericho was a town of the Rabbi. I would like to take up one thing here; this Rabbi, Levite and even robbers was the people engraving the guide to the country of God. However, they lacked the love that God demanded from people of Himself. God found that love to this Samaritan; he was a foreigner who did not know the schema, and was far-off from the country of God. He was on the way to Jerusalem. Probably, it would be for business. It is compared with Rabbi and the Levite who finished worship and came home. The eyes of Jesus were turned to him. This is not a simple illustrative story; Jesus talked this as a model, by the event that there was really. Will it be warning to the present age when love is lost? A person without the love, it is the question to me. But, when he was asked, "Who is a neighbor to that man?", he answered, "The one who showed a mercy to him." (37). Surely, such rip of the Jewry would be reflected in his eyes. "Do this, and you will live." (37) This words of Jesus would have stayed in him, I think; but now, how are we going to hear this?