47 Exceeds the thought of man

Luke 9:51-56
Isaiah 55:6-13

T Departure

 "And it came about, when the days were approaching for His ascension, Jerusalem; and He sent messengers on ahead of Him. And they went, and entered a village of the Samaritans, to make arrangements for Him. And they did not receive Him, because He was journeying with His face toward Jerusalem. (51-53) This article is a thing only by Luke, but I want to investigate his intention that Luke adopts this unique article while omitting many articles in other Gospel.

 Luke is writing this Gospel which is Part 1 while taking consideration to Acts which is Part 2. Of course, it was not yet written, but it seems that the most designs were worked out with a design of this Gospel. Therefore, he was able to write it here that "And it came about, when the days were approaching for His ascension,". In Acts, there is it, "He was lifted up while they were looking on, and a cloud received Him out of their sight." (1:9-11). It does not say only His Ascension, but points to all the events of Jesus to color the last event of His suffering, revival, death; and it may be said that the start of that event is the text of this morning which He was going to leave for Jerusalem. However, only just the cross of those events bent over the heart of disciples heavily; and they have begun to prepare for the death that would gradually amount to themselves while they were accompanying to Jesus. Jesus wanted to go to the way of the cross and chose the town of Samaritan as determined step towards Jerusalem; it seems that this record (memo - source material) would become as a testimony while the disciples were feeling determined strong will of Jesus. Therefore, it seems to have possibilities to say that this place would be the testimony of (later) the apostles who obeyed to Jesus rather than an article of Luke.


U In the town of Samaria

 Jesus "sent messengers on ahead of Him" to the town of Samaritan, because was it the shortest distance to Jerusalem? Some person says, it was to arrange the hotel. Usually, because the doorway of the town with fences was opened in the daytime, if they wanted to pass there, they would be able to do it, but would He want to avoid an unnecessary trouble? If it was to take the hotel, Galilee departure would have been near in the evening. Anyway, probably, Jesus so hurried to go to Jerusalem or to depart from Galilee; I have such impression. The course via the town of adjacent Samaritan is shortest, it takes one way about three days; but because progeny of north Israel and mixed race with the races which Assyria brought, Samaritan, were in antagonism relation with a Jew from old days, it was rare that a Jew went along that course.

 However, it does not seem from such reason that Jesus was refused. Possibly, disciples might have emphasized especially in the town of Samaria that Jesus is the Messiah. They were not a good-for-nothing anymore who return dejectedly, even if they were refused. In addition, they have already received training to think about various things by their own judgment enough, and it is thought that they also would pray for arrival to Jerusalem as soon as possible. Even if they thought that the passage through Samaria and permission of the lodging become easy by testifying, "Jesus is the Messiah", it would be not wrong at all, I think. However, the Samaritan did not hear such their wish, and they totally repelled them like nuisances. It is thought the Samaritan was not interested in the Messiah at all. Many Messiah and the believers of many pretense came out until now..., but, Samaritan says it is unrelated with themselves. Judea of this time was said to be the small revolt period; their king was a foreigner and the effectiveness ruler was Rome. Therefore, people in hope of Jewish nation state recovery put up each Messiah several times, and a coup d'etat was caused. However, it was suppressed and had disappeared each times. This revolt reached a peak (Large revolt period) in AD70 year; after the fight with Roma, Judea itself was ruined and disappeared. It is the famous last offensive and defensive battle, "The fight of Masada (AD73)"; you might have heard it. 960 soldiers (except seven women and children) who were in a castle, were suicided in a miserable state by the death from hunger, and all of them died. Because it was the rivalry other party to be worried about, Samaritan would lay in stock of those Messiah and such information. Therefore, they did not accept Jesus.


V Exceeds the thought of man

 "And when His disciples James and John saw this, they said, 'Lord, do You want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them?'" (54) This is not that Jacob and John have such power, but it seems like a performance; they want to be given such authority to from Jesus, in connection with this article (fight for top in the Messiah kingdom 9:46 -50). Therefore, they called Jesus "Master", in Verse 49; but here, it was changed to "Lord". "Command fire to come down from heaven", it seems to say the historical fact of Elijah (2 Kings 1:10); here, we can see their consciousness clearly that Jesus is a 2nd Elijah. Then, when Jesus was arrested at the garden of Gethsemane by Jews of the same country (Mark 14:43 -50), such reason comes clear that the disciples, not Samaritans, have run away deplorablely. In fact, the disciples had not still understood that Jesus expiated their crimes and invited them to the country of God, while they were calling Jesus the Messiah / the Lord. They could not still understand the meaning of the cross well. Therefor, they do not change with Samaritan that they looked down as a remote people from God. And it seems that the aim to which Luke put in this article was there, too.

 When Luke wrote this, it passed more than 30 years since Jesus was gone up to the country of God, and a lot of churches were built in the land of foreigner. "What of Jesus do you believe?", it seems people would have been increased who were vague against it in the christians who were invited there like Jacob and John (and other disciples). They have a sense of entitlement of the Christian only because they join a church. It is thought that the same situation is spreading through the modern church. The church became the fashionable polite society called the Christian; but they were not going to hear the meaning of the cross of Jesus. Luke adopted this article as a warning to such a situation, I think. I cannot forbid surprise at Luke's wonderful eyes staring at modern us. Do the church of the times of Luke and the modern church hold a human part both? "But He turned and rebuked them, and said, ... And they went on to another village." (55-56) Luke does not be explaining thought of Jesus persistently. But, it will come clear enough that Jesus has been stared at the root of their and our problem. From the article "they went on to another village", I imagine that Jesus detoured in the east bank of Jordan from Samaria and went to the district of Pele, and people who believe Him were born a lot there. The basics action of Jesus were to speak the Gospel. It seems that Jesus hoped Samaritan would be invited to the Gospel before long.