41 A reply to our Lord

Luke 9:1-10
Psalms 46:1-11
T The first nature

 After since Jesus appointed apostles in 6:13-16 until the end of Chapter 8, He devoted more periods than a half year, for training of disciples. Surely, Jesus would look forward the state that they grew up as preachers. It was not enough, but the time that He must do a mop-up of their training came close at hand before Jesus goes to Jerusalem. Not only a text of this morning, you can consider Chapter 9 is the mop-up.

 At first, there is their dispatch to the towns and villages of Galilee. "And He called the twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all the demons, and to heal diseases. And He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God, and to perform healing." (1-2) The article of Luke is very short. Would he have thought that it is good to read other Gospel (for example, Matthew) if we demand detailed explanation of this neighborhood? Luke would want to talk mainly his own message to built foreigner churches (in the modern church) than it, I think. I want to hear that message.

 Primarily at first, the apostles were given the "power and authority over all the demons, and to heal diseases" from Him. In those days, there would be the circumstances that it was urgent business to invite many poor people suffering from demon and disease to the Gospel. However, why that authority had been enumerated earlier than the Gospel propagation ("He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God", only Luke wrote it.)? The propagation of the Gospel includes to invite a person to the country of God and to perform the authorization; and the apostles were entrusted with full power of that purpose by Jesus. The Gospel propagation is never only lips. Wearing His power and His authority; it was important above all for the people who was called to the job of the Gospel propagation. Particularly, after a cross and revival of Jesus, it is said that the center of the Gospel is the permission of crime and the invitation to the country of God; the Gospel of John says, "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained." (20:22-23). You must hear the responsibility of a preacher in such place. In the times of Luke that churches were built even in foreigner's land a lot, such matter of course becomes thin as clergyman like modern office worker, and the preachers who were going to depend on good words and management skill might increase, I worry so. Would Luke want to tell that the first nature of the people sent by Jesus could not miss such power and authority of Jesus?



U Trust of the overall width to the Lord

 Second, the message which Luke wanted to convey is in the message Jesus said just before apostles are sent. "Take nothing for your journey, neither a staff, nor a bag, nor bread, nor money; and do not even have two tunics apiece. And whatever house you enter, stay there, and take your leave from there. And as for those who do not receive you, as you go out from that city, shake of the dust from your feet as a testimony against them." (3-5) This is also short, and this is one-third or less of the article of Matthew. Although it is concise, about the way apostles were sent out, it does not look inferior than the article of Matthew. Surely Luke would superimpose their dress on Jesus. Only Mark wrote they might take sticks (6:8), but Jesus did not seem to carry even the stick either. Would the apostles charged with power and authority of Jesus be demanded to become same as Jesus apparently? In the situation that they were taken all security of the everyday life, they apostles had to learn trust of the overall width to God at there. Because it was the message to the people they had.


 It is repeated at "And whatever you enter, stay there and take your leave from there", and "And as for those who do not receive you, as you go out from that city, shake off the dust from your feet as a testimony against them." To stay in one house and to continue their work, it seems possible only the time that people of that house believe the Gospel which apostles talk (Matthew wrote, "give it your greeting" and in the case of the people who do not believe adversely, it is said "as you go out from that city, take off the dust from your feet". It is same as the present age. It will be that we must check the reply of people by talking about the Gospel.

 About the thing "Shake off the dust from your feet", there is a person saying that the response to the gospel is only one time, but rather we have to hear it is asked the seriousness of the preacher.


V A reply to our Lord

 After they have heard such a knowledge, the apostles went to the town and the village. "And departing, they began going about among the villages, preaching the gospel, and healing everywhere." (6) ; this will be the testimony that they worked protecting what was taught faithfully. That work's conclusion comes to Jesus who sent them. And Luke would write this article, "the gospel is Jesus own", in his own faith, believing the Lord, the cross and resurrection. And he added the work of the apostles to there. Because, there is a consciousness of Luke, that event of Jesus must be continued by a church, there. When we hear it so, about the article of Herod (7-9) "And when the apostles returned, they gave an account to Him of all that they had done." (10), this seems to connect that Jesus's name became well known by the work of apostles.

 As for the article of Herod (Herod Antipas, king of Galilee), Matthew and Mark step into detail where he executed John the Baptist. However, Luke is not going to treat John, as a past person who handed over a seat to Jesus, anymore. Why Herod sent interest to Jesus? It seems Luke thought this is more important than it. Herod who heard a rumor about Jesus would command his retainers to gather such information. As for information which retainers collected, they were that "John had risen from the dead", "Elijah had appeared" and "one of the prophets of old had risen again". It is accorded that on a way to Philippos Caesaria, Jesus asked disciples and they answered about it (9:18-20). It would be because a voice "Who will be Jesus?" would be spread out. People wanted to know clear soon. If He is the Messiah, please, say so. Among the people and even among disciples, such a voice gradually grew big.

 The question "Who is Jesus?", it continues in this present age also. And the most emphasizes human being Jesus, and there would be surely the same question in the church of Luke Era. Like as answering that question, the confession of disciples "You are Christ of God" (9:20) was written down. This will be a reply of their faith. However, the article of Herod was totally reverse against it, and denied Jesus thoroughly. "I myself had John beheaded; but who is this man about whom I hear such things?" (9). I will take his neck once again, if John has revived; it will show his determination demanding the life by all means towards a person threatening his position and power (reference 13:31). It was one reply to Jesus, too. A reply to Jesus seems including various ways. Like Herod, or like indifferent modern people, or like disciples? Anyway, we must not forget such our reply are seen by the Lord.