32 To the group which was created new

Luke 8:1-3
Isaiah 66:22-23
T Invitation from the country of God

 The text of this morning is from 8:1-3, and it is a very short place; but, Luke separates it from the articles in the back and forth, and regards it as an independent parenthesis. Besides, this independence phrase is very long in comparison with the other parentheses. Surely, among Luke, there would be thought that this was necessary now. In such contents, I want to mention thought of Luke why he put such an article into here.

 "And it came about soon afterwards, that He began going about from one city and village to another, proclaiming and reaching the kingdom of God." (1) Matthew has the same article. "And Jesus was going about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness." (Matthew 9:35) There is it, "Jesus began going about from one city and village to another," (Luke), "Jesus was going about all the cities and the villages," (Matthew); but perhaps now, Jesus is going to enlarge the place of His activity, though He continued being active so far around. Two reporters of Gospel inserted this independent phrase in that turning point. Luke seems to send interest to that "expanse" as a cosmopolitan among other things.

 "He is proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God"; Luke took up it as center point of this independence phrase in the beginning, but this expression is roundabout a little, I think. In comparison with it, Matthew said, "proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom"; but, it is too concise, and it seems to produce the misunderstanding whether there is another Gospel. However, when we put these two people together, the consensus of the initial church will comes to the surface, it is that Gospel of Jesus is a country of God. Mr. Nagai translated it plainly, "He spoke a Gospel = God's country"; however, what is "the Gospel = God's country"? Jews had a special consciousness which is the chosen people of God. However, it had spent a long time since they lost the One who is the symbol of the connection with God, "the One who poured oil", "King", "archpriesthood", "a prophet". In those days in Judea, they were under the doubleness of the foreigner's control, Herod dynasty and Rome, but only the people who flattered the man of power of such a foreigner got fat and gained weight, and the general people were poor and suffered from disease. Pharisee and Sopher only preached the prohibition article which they added to law persistently; but, God who must be familiar to them comes nothing from there. There were full the dark thought that they have been got rid of by God all over the country at that time. Jesus told a message that God love them to the people who lost sight of such a hope. However, this message is a thing of Matthew, and Luke does not show interest to such Jewish consciousness. Rather, it seems to say that Gospel is invitation to the countries of God for the foreigner who think they are far from the country of God, from the beginning.


U To become a person carrying words of God

 But the article of Luke and Matthew goes to each different courses. The article of Matthew, "And Jesus was going about all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every sickness. And seeing the multitudes, He felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and downcast like sheep without a shepherd. Then He said to His disciples, 'The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Therefore beseech the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into His harvest.'" (9:35 -38), it may be said that it has been the conscious of Jesus who pours the warm eyes such as the breeding of sheep to the Jewish people who lost sight of hope. However, the article of Luke is limited to only apostles and women who accompanied Jesus. "And it came about soon afterwards, that He began going about from one city and village to another, proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God; and the twelve were with Him, and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sickness; Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means. (1-3)"; it will be thought that there were other people accompanied as well as women and the apostles; but, the reason why it was written expressly, "and the twelve were with Him", it is because these trips had one objective of their training. However when we see the next "the example of seeding", Jesus answered their question politely indeed; we can see His warm eyes flowing into disciples, even in such a place too. Jesus would be prayed that they will become skilled work person on carrying the words of God (11).


V To the group which was created new

 And these women appear quite suddenly, but Luke seems to picture them as the center of one of independent phrases. Because it is a short article, the most are not over a level of the imagination, but I want to touch the place which Luke considered it. At first, it is from three women whom a personal name is given to. They are three people of "Mary who was called Magdalene", "Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward", and "Susanna"; but unfortunately because there is not a record of Susanna in any other place except here, I know nothing. But perhaps, in the church of that time of Luke, it seems that she was a woman known well by saying, "Is it that woman?". As for attaching the explanation to the other two people, there would be many people of the same name. About "Maria of Magdalene (a town in the Sea of Galilee west coast)"; it was written down for 12 times in the Gospel, so she would be a well known woman. Above all, the article that John wrote down as the first person who met Jesus of the resurrection is the best part. Luke put the explanation "whom seven demons had gone out" to her. Though, according to doctor Luke, there was not possibility of the healing (the number of 7 is complete number), as well as a Jew, ancient people are afraid of disease because it is "possessed by a demon", but Luke examines it as a certain disease. In spite of though, there was not possibility of healing even by doctor Luke, but, Jesus healed it. And that made her famous as a representative woman, "who were mended from evil spirit and sickness", at the then church. And perhaps, Joanna and Susanna would be one of such women. Such fact that they are joining to a party of Jesus and disciples; it may be said this faith community consisted by the people who were given up from the world. And it may be said this is a report of Luke to the church built all over the world at that time.

 Another "wife Joanna of the butler Chuza, of Herod", perhaps when she was heavy sick (possesed evil spirit?) and suffered, she would meet Jesus. Her husband Chuza allowed her to participate the acquaintance led by Jesus, it means that there was not her place to stay in the royal palace already. The place where she should live was only side of Jesus anymore. However perhaps, the thing which she brought into this acquaintance was "her property" which Chuza kept. The most of the women who joined this acquaintance were the poor general people, but it seems that the person like Joanna would be there in one part. As for the saying of "out of their private means"; it remind us of the world of the Luke's second book (Acts), the times of founder church; "And all those who believed were together, and had all things in common;" (Acts 2:44-45). These women had accompanied to "serve them". It seems to be able to say that their prayer supported this disciple's group.

 To considerate of the weakness of people, to serve each other, and to pray and assist it; at there, there is praise to God, and there are joy and true heart (Acts 2:46-47). And above all, Jesus is being in that center; the training of the disciples that Jesus prayed for was aimed at such a direction. The eyes of Luke are suitable for to build a church. Because, he said "proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God"; in some meaning, it seems that he separated it from the Gospel, but he only put a church on the top of kingdom of God. The church of Jesus is not only the group of person. This is really a group of people called to the country of God (Ecclesia), and a new created God's world to see the Lord. To look at that world, disciples will be in the middle of the training now. We also want to stare at the same world, don't you?