23 Invited people

Luke 6:12-16
Proverbs 3:1-12

T Birth of the apostles

 "And it was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. And when day came, He called His disciples to Him; and chose twelve of them, whom He also named as apostles:" (6:12-13) I want to watch one very important turning point for the Gospel of Jesus called the birth of the apostle this morning.

 It seems to point at the event (6:6 -11) that Jewish leaders such as Sopher and Pharisees made posture against Jesus clear. There is it, "And it came about, when the day's were approaching for His ascension," at 9:51; and it seems that this is the considerably near time to the article of this Chapter 6, so it would be the time a work in Galilee approached the end game. Why Jesus chose His apostles in such time? Would the reason be because He intended to let them assist His work? No, it is not so, but it seems that Jesus was going to succeed His work to disciples. It may be said that Jesus chose the people who should play a key role of disciples, and now, He began to bring them up carefully and politely. The reason that "He went off to the mountain to pray", it seems to have been to choose them. The apostles, who had made the base of Gospel of Jesus and who had passed it to us of modern, were born in all-night prayer of Jesus.

 As for the words called the apostle, it means "the messenger" or "a sent person"; and because they are used 84 times in the whole New Testament, in Paul document (30), in Luke document (Gospel 6, Acts 38), and ten of remainder are seen in other documents, so the extraordinary interest of Luke reaches to us. Luke inherits Paul theology that the apostle is a person who was given full power as an agent of Jesus, who died on the cross and revived. And the insistence that they were 12 persons of attendance of Jesus from a beginning and chosen by Jesus and walked with Him all periods until He has reached the death, was added to there. Therefore Luke never calls Paul who is his teacher "the apostle". It seems that it may depend on his faith posture as the person of church which was shown by Paul. He gathered up his ideas without letting the Gospel conclude with only Jesus, but also he gathered up the states that the church succeeded was emphasizing the development in "Acts". It may say that taste of this "Gospel" is deepened by reading "Acts".


U Unique people

 The names of apostles are given. "Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; and James and John; and Philip and Bartholomew; and Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot; Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor." (14-16)  I want to introduce these people, but, Bartholomaios and Judah the son of Jacob are not known; therefore, I cannot say all the members. I pick up them at random, and let's easily introduce them. It is Peter first. He was a fisherman of town Beth-Sida of the Sea of Galilee northern end. Peter meant "a rock". Would he be very stubborn? His temper would seem to have been intense. His name was nominated the top and he was a chef de file of 12 all the time. Half of Acts (the first half) biographies choose his article. Brother of Peter, Andrew, he was disciple of John the Baptist; but when John pointed at Jesus and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God!" (John 1:36, he heard it and followed Jesus; so he was the first disciple who confessed that Jesus was the Messiah. Jacob was the first clergyman of the Jerusalem church; he would be faithful personality. John, he was drawn on his Gospel as the "disciple, whom Jesus loved", but he got a nickname, "Boanerges" (a child of the thunder), from Jesus. Matthew was a tax-gatherer. Thomas, he was a sceptic, he said, "Unless I shall see in His hands the imprint of nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe." (John 20:25). The Zealot of Simon was a name given by the sect of the enthusiastic patriotism person who tries to defeat royal family of Herod and to attempt the independence of mother country Judea who was born in the Galilee area. They sometimes changed quickly to the robbery for fund income and attacked the traveler in Eriko Highway, but when Simon met Jesus, he would throw away such principles claim to the robber. And Iscariot Judah. Cariot is a meaning of the big city, and Judah is regarded as "Person who came from the Cariot". I do not understand it well, but it is said that Cariot was a local city of the Israeli southern part. An extremely disgraceful title "the one who became a traitor" was kept to this Judah.

 When seeing it in this way, it is felt strangely; but these people became one mind and were able to form the apostle mass, including the people who could not be taken up here; such their difference seems definitely.


V Invited people

 Because there is it in the Gospel of Matthew and Mark, when we compare this list each other, the composition of four-person groups sets floats. The order is different by the Gospel slightly, but the grouping division, the order, and the name of each top are same. I will give them. The first group is Peter, Andrew, Jacob, John. The second group is Philippos, Bartholomaios, Matthew, Thomas. The third group is James the son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zalot, Judas the son of James, Judas Iscariot. But the top seems to have been the leader of each group. Though it was not told here, for what did He do such a grouping?, and how did this group function?; but when they entered in the times of the church, the best unit which can share a work was necessary, I think so. Because they were strong persons of the personality, it seems that an opinion would be sometimes clashed. Though decision by majority with sacred number of three people in Israel is enabled, but He separated the decision-making of things from the hand of the person by adding 1 more expressly; so it would be able to be settled by praying when an opinion was divided with the same number. So that it may become the tradition of the church, I feel such consideration of Jesus. By the way, only the list of Matthew makes one team by two people, but Luke does not do subdivision so much (Mark also). Would he think it was enough in four sets?

 Such people were invited to post which was honor called the apostle of Jesus. As for the number of 12, it will be conscious of 12 Israeli tribes. From the northern end of Galilee to the south city which is unknown well, their birth and their occupation and their area would seem rich in variety; but the place where they would be sent to is all areas where 12 Israel tribes live. Before long, these 12 people's eyes will be turned to the whole world beyond Israel.

 The Bible remains silent about what kind of standard they were chosen in; but, a son of thunder, the rock, an agnostic and the one who was called the Zalot, it cannot be said that they deserve to be the leader of the church as a successor of Jesus. However, Jesus chose such people daringly, I think. Luke wrote that apostles were born from all-night prayer of Jesus, and he separated appointment and dispatch to towns (9:1 -6), and he sandwiched "the sermon of plain" and many miracles in latter half of Chapter 6. Luke would write this down while feeling Jesus was going to teach them and bring them up. There is it in Chapter 8, "He began going about from one city and village to another, proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God; and the twelve were with Him," (1). A heart of Jesus, how much He loved His people invited and His wish to train them, seems to reach from here. We are insufficient people than them, but we also are loved by Him. So that, we want to be trained by the words of Lord. As a useful person...