19 Before the One who forgive sins

Luke 5:17-26
Hosea  6:4-6

T New development

 This morning, it is from 5:17-26. It seems that the new situation of the miracle story of Capernaum is told here. Luke wrote this story very carefully, so we want to hear this story carefully, too.

 "And it came about one day that He was teaching; and there were some Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem;" (17) Luke introduced it first, "who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem;". They were leaders of the Judaism. Perhaps, people from "every village of Galilee and Judea" would be some representatives, and people from "Jerusalem" would be leaders to be "corpocrat" among whole country. Perhaps the reason such people came to Jesus was to ascertain whether Jesus was the real Messiah or an imitation. If He was an imitation, they might think, it was necessary to pay attention to Him strictly and to prohibit His activity. It is only Luke to begin to write in this way, but, one of which he wanted to take up was the thing that Pharisee and Sopher began to pay attention to activity of Jesus. It spread to a national scale, and it has begun to confront Jesus. It is Jesus not to mention the leading role of this article, but other leading role is them.

 While they paid attention to Him, Jesus talked to people and healed sick people as usual. This was a small house of Peter of Capernaum; a large number of people flocked to this house. And to there, several people carried a man who suffered from palsy by a stretcher. However, they could not enter the house. So that, they went up the stairs followed to a roof, and tore off a tile of roof and took down a sick person with a stretcher. What a violent men they are! However, Jesus saw their faith and said "Friend, your sins are forgiven you." This is very sudden words, but two reasons are thought about why Jesus said in this way. One of them, it is the challenge to the center problem of the people who gathered including this sick person and friends. To a Jew, there was a thought a disease come from a crime. If it will be able to say more definitely, it was consciousness that they were separated from God distantly, so that they have many life pain and a disease or poverty. It is the consciousness, "We do not have the prophet and the king who connects us to God." It leads to Messiah expectation and leads to a sense of sins at the same time. Though we were people of the selection of of God, neither ancestors nor we ourselves, were able to obey words of God. That "crime" had made far distance of God and us, so much, and it was strong consciousness. We know nothing about this sick person, however this person will represent with such them and us.


U The other leading roles

 And, Sopher and Pharisees was there. I thinks it to have submit the central problem of the Gospel called "the forgiving of sins".

 They were the teachers who taught the people law, mainly on synagogue. They did the interpretation of the law of the Bible (The Old Testament), but they did mainly teach the judicial precedent that provides for law more in detail to the people. Because the precedent (Talmud etc.) of the kind that rabbis made from old days became enormous quantity for long time, experts who can study the precedent and teach were necessary for a Jew. And, when there was a person who shifted from that teaching even a little, they criticized that "Crime", and at times, they removed him from Jewish community. In other words, they were going to be guardians of law and the precedent and watched Jesus with such eyes, and they were going to find fault with Jesus from the beginning. "And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, 'Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?'"(21) Probably, they would say a right thing. However, it was only a superficial thing. Though they were in a house and sat down the immediate special seat side of Jesus, they have admitted themselves as the persons who defends the authority of God not only the law, without having the mind that gives the place to that sick person. The word of here, "their reasonings" (22), it is used with a sound including "denying with malice". Jesus saw through that malice. Therefore it seems that the declaration of forgiving sin to this sick person was also an accusation to their crime. And it seems we can hear such consciousness of Luke that they are standing before the One who "can forgive their sins" also.


V Before the One who forgive sins

 Jesus said. "Why are you reasoning in your hearts? Which is easer, to say, 'Your sins have been forgiven you,' or to say, 'Raise and walk'? But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins," (22-24) Jesus insisted of "His authority" with very strong condition; it was not thought from conventional Jesus. Wasn't it to say "No" to their authority? Their authority was only a thing to show oneself off. However, it of Jesus was "authority to forgive sins". It would become clear by His cross; but now Jesus declared that He was the Messiah, the Saver, really. We will be able to hear that this is the declaration of Jesus that He has begun to walk a way to the cross which forgive our sins. It was not only the work of Jesus of that time, but, both "the teaching" and "the healing" what He has done so far were blessings to overflow from the One who suffered on a cross.

 And Jesus said to that sick person. "I say to you, 'Rise and walk.'"(24) "And at once, he rose up before them, and took up what he had been laying on, and went home, glorifying God."(25) There is only the admiration of people here, but the reaction of Sopher is written down in nothing; perhaps, it seems that they would disperse dejectedly not to be able to rally. However, they come to confront Jesus wherever possible after this. This article was that beginning.

 An article of healing of sick people is inserted in Verse 17, but it will be thought that "laying His hands on every one of them," (4:40 reference). The Sophers would have consent tacitly "such miracle" as "a thing of a person with special ability". To heal by putting on hands was a common thing in the ancient society. If it was such healing, in the case of the person of this palsy, perhaps they did not make an objection, I think. However, they rebelled for "authority to forgive sins" of Jesus hard. Besides, Jesus provoked Sopher especially, such as "Which is easier, to say, 'Your sins have been forgiven you,' Or to say, 'Rise and walk'?". Why Jesus would become so belligerent against them?

 In fact, though while they were saying that they were obeying authority of God, but they gave priority to profit of oneself. They did not work for God carefully. They took "the authority to forgive sins" of Jesus only for words, and, in that mind, they criticized Him as "He is blaspheming God". If it is only words, it will be easy to say that I "forgive your crime". It was the same thing that they said that "He profaned God". They could never look at the world of authoritative Jesus only in their frame. The reason why Jesus commanded to this sick person, "Rise and walk"; it would be His accusation to them, as their disbelief. We may stand in such a place, too. We must be careful, too. They who had confirmed the course that a sick person was healed in front of their eyes, would have a chance to stand before God faithfully, I think so. Because forgiving of cross was for them, too.