16 Invitation to the church

Luke 4:38-44
Ishaiyah 49:6

T As the center of the ring of people

 In this Chapter 4 of Luke, the article of Capernaum continues. Many articles are queuing up, but I want to take up three of them this morning. It is an article of healing of the mothers-in-law of Simon (Peter) first. "And He arose and left the synagogue, and entered Simon's home. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever; and they made request of Him on her behalf. And standing over her, He rebuked the fever, and it left her; and she immediately arose and waited on them." (38-39) This article is related to an article (5:1 -11) that Peter becomes a disciple of Jesus; and it seems that it was generated later, but Luke put this into the miracle story that was related to Capernaum as an independent article; but here, he did not touch the relation of Jesus and her, and he did not touch even why Jesus went there. While throwing in the guess a little, I want to watch his writing purpose.

 When I read and compare it with parallel articles of Matthew and Mark, there is a description only of Luke here, and a purpose of Luke who took up this article seems to rise. There are two articles, "And He arose and left the synagogue" and "they made request of Him on her behalf". First of all, it is from the place that "And He arose and left the synagogue", but Luke seems to emphasize that that day was the Sabbath. It is the center point where Pharisees criticize Jesus to heal a disease on the Sabbath, but Luke (as well as Matthew and Mark) does not touch it at all. Why? Was it because Jesus was not yet well known so much? However, when we look at Verse 40 there is it, "all who had any sick with various diseases brought them to Him,"; from here, we have an impression that perhaps a great many people came in the house of Peter. Surely, it seems that the one of the opportunities when Jesus comes to be known to many people was "healing of the mother-in-law of Peter". And one more thing; it is that Luke added it, "they made request of Him on her behalf" for her who suffers from high heat. I do not know who are these "people", but perhaps they were not a family. Surely it seems that the wish of people affected healing of Jesus because that house had been the place where people gather. The people witnessed it is as unbelievable power of Jesus, and they went out, and said and spread her mysterious event, I think. Surely it seems there would be other purpose that Jesus went to her house (for example, Matthew says it is greetings(?) for Peter who become His disciple). However, it seems that Luke wanted to pay attention to the thing that, from the beginning of the debut of Jesus, He came out as the center of the ring of people.


U The model of the church

 It is the thing of second. When "And the while the sun was setting, all who had any sick with various diseases brought them to Him, and laying His hands on every one of them, He was healing them." (40). And Luke distinguishes another article done together by the article of Matthew and Mark and takes it up. "And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, 'You are the Son of God!' And rebuking them, He would not allow them speak, because they knew Him to be the Christ." (41) It will be an event in her house of Capernaum. Luke seems to report that pou sto place in the Galilee district, the one of them was that house. Please imagine the scene that He is "laying hands on every one of them". The number of people to pour at a time in a small room, it would not be so many. Therefore He could put His hand to each one, but when we compare it that healing of the mother-in-law of Peter depended on "only words?", we can see the state that Jesus contacts people as the master of that house at that time. Surely the people who heard Jesus would throng and rush in that house, and Jesus would treat them as if they were the people all invited. I do not doubt that a mother-in-law of Peter treated them, but Luke seems to say that the master of the side to treat was Jesus. The acquaintance which led by Jesus, it is the model of the church; such thought might be in Luke's consciousness, I think. Of course, he is putting a wish that treated people will be a side to treat next time!

 And Luke seems to think that Jesus expected the confession, "You are the Christ!", of the people who gathered, but, it is not the demon's. It is important that the church set up the confession of the faith of people to constitute in the base, and it is a consciousness of Luke, I think.


V Invitation to the church

 The third thing, it is from "And when the day came, He departed and went to a lonely place."(42). Why would He leave the house? It is the one of the reasons, but perhaps it is an early morning in the morning. Jesus often climbs the mountain early in the morning and goes by the sea and prays calmly alone. Surely He left the house for prayer at that time, I think. It was the time when He secured the pou sto ground in Capernaum, and it would be important to do the work there, because it is the origin of the church. However, I received strong impression from Jesus who went for "prayer" apart from the work. We also cannot work without facing God. I was made to confirm that God is our origin existence, again. And another thing is that is "a lonly place", 岩波訳 translates it "desolate place", and 新共同訳 translates it "Jumping-off place". The person was not allowed to come near there. Possibly, Jesus may have needed the time to be lonely. People left from Him, and also the disciples run away, and He was got rid from God, too. Jesus who had to be hung on the cross alone; while thinking about such One, Luke wrote down this Gospel. Jesus of the cross is the center of Luke.

 The church as the crowd of people expiated on the cross; Luke keeps writing miracle story of Capernaum centering on the church. "and the multitudes went to a lonely place; and the multitudes were searching for Him, and came to Him, and tried to keep Him from going away from them. But He said to them, 'I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.' And He kept on preaching in the synagogues of Judea." (42-44) The people of Capernaum are going to detain Jesus for themselves; it means that they do not want to lose mysterious power which heals a sick person and sends out a demon. Unfortunately they still highlight bare human nature ego "crime", and it seems to be much more far-off existence from Jesus / "Gospel of the God's country" mainly on the cross. It occurs at the same time in our figure of the present age; however we (such us) are invited to the country of God (the church). Jesus hung on the cross for the salvation from such our sin and for the invitation to the country of God. The church is really a crowd of criminals invited by Jesus; we want to learn it again. If we are conscious of it well, it seems that many problems that a modern church has may disappear. "And He kept on preaching in the synagogues of Judea."; it is expanse of Gospel which is said "to the remotest part of the earth" (Isaiah 49:6, apostle 1:8). The consideration of Luke who is walking with Paulo to many parts of the world might strongly appear there. We want to hear, this is the invitation to the church from Luke, with Acts; this invitation continues to the disciples, and to the times of Luke, from Jesus.