13 Trust to the Lord

Luke 4:1-13
Psalms 91:1-16

T At the temptation in the wilderness

  Last time, we watched that Jesus who got Baptism "began His ministry," (3:23), and "has arrived at the starting line as a Saviour having God's full power inclining all His personality". However, a hurdle is still left till He starts running. The text of this morning, it seems an event of "the temptation in the wilderness" is it. This morning, we want to know what Luke wants to investigate and we want to know the meaning of that hurdle, also.

 It begins, "And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led about by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became hungry." (1-2). There is the desolate Jordan low land whole area that is near to the river mouth of Dead Sea. "Jesus returned from the Jordan", it will mean that He finished Baptism. A place of Baptism is Bethany (John 1:28, Jordan low land); but if it moves just a little the stage turns into the wasteland from the riverside. "And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit," and "was led about by the Spirit"; it is written the state that Jesus is united with the Holy Spirit, here, but it will emphasize that Jesus got over the period of the temptation for 40 days met for trial of the devil with the Holy Spirit. Fast of 40 days; it is known as "Ramadan" of the Islam, but it is from the daybreak to sunset and it is it in a drunk when a day goes down. However, it is different here, a fast of Jesus was the continuation of day and night for 40 days, in truth. It is not at all the human work. The devil has provoked there. It is not possible for us, but Jesus inclined all energy and stood before the devil in order to overcome that fight, with the Holy Spirit.


U Fight against the cross

 There is three temptation of the devil. This is the first. "The devil said to Him, 'If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to became bread.' And Jesus answered him, 'It is written, "Man shall not live on bread alone.'" (3-4). Here is it; "If you are the Son of God", while the devil is calling Jesus "Son of God", but he may be tempting Him while he is despising that He is mere son of man, actually. By the way, Matthew has this parallel article, and an answer of Jesus is there; "Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God." (Matthew 4:4). Originally these words are in Deuteronomy 8:3 of the Old Testament, and Matthew wrote it down just as it is. However, Luke has deleted the part of the latter half. Perhaps it seems that the article of Luke was words itself of Jesus. The difference of Luke and Matthew are not only it. As for the temptation of the devil, Matthew wrote that it began from where a fast of 40 days ended, but Luke assumed that 40 days were just the period of the temptation. And perhaps it was a description of Luke definitely. Fast of 40 days; even if the 40th doesn't pass, He would become hungry on the way surely. If I do not take only one meal, surely I will become hungry. The temptation of "command that these stones become bread" would attack Him through all periods of the fast. And because Jesus was the One who could bear it, it would become the temptation. However, it is hard to think that Jesus was in condition to be able to answer the temptation calmly. I imagine, He was in the death and last-minute state that were adjoining, and it was all He could resist by this answer, "Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.". However, Jesus judged precisely that it was the most basic temptation for us human being to live. If Jesus commanded a stone to do it and took out bread, His work of as Messiah was finished at that point. The temptation of the devil had intention to let Jesus evade from the cross. And Jesus understood it enough; so He retreated this with His all strength, and continued standing as our Messiah.


V Trust to the Lord

 It is the second temptation. "And he led Him up and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said to Him, 'I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Therefore if You worship before me, it shall all be Yours.'" (5-7). We can not know where the devil took Jesus to, and how he ran through the whole world instantly, but it was the event really happened. This is not an old fairy tale at all. Such news spreads every day recently, but it is us who very easily commit murder for the greed. This is the temptation which should be asked to modern us, "How about you?", keenly. It becomes clear that the devil is the existence who can rule over the world, even the heart of modern people, and such power and prosperity is in his hand. Who can overcome such temptation? The devil bid defiance against Jesus while superimposing us on Him. The devil challenges Jesus, as Son of Man, to a fight now. Would not it be felt the charm for Jesus, as Son of Man, before power and prosperity in the world? Therefore, it was tempted. However, there was a clever condition of the devil which is "if You worship before me", there. We will compromise immediately. However, Jesus reacted to that condition sensitively and answered. "It is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.'" (8, Deuteronomy 6:13) He does not touch the power of countries and prosperity. Surely, it was the stage of the devil, and He would judge it was not necessary to climb that stage. Essence is whether we kneel before the devil. We must make it clear that our faith to believe Jesus must not compromise only in that one point. Jesus was overcome in that temptation.

 The third is this. "And he led Him to Jerusalem and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, 'If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here; for it is written, "He will give His angles charge concerning You to guard You," and "On their hands they will bear You up, lest You strike Your foot against a stone."'" (9-11). The devil also challenged Him while quoting words of the Bible (poem 91:11 -12), "It is written", too. By the way, the order of the second and the third are reversed with a parallel article of Matthew with Luke. I do not understand which is an original thing, but I can hear clear intention from order of Luke. Though two temptation challenged to Jesus as a Son of Man, however in the third temptation, the devil recognized Jesus as "a Son of God". It is the why. It will be that the devil admitted that he had failed in former temptation, indirectly. Therefore, because there is no means, it seems that the devil took the strongest temptation with extraordinary readiness. The reason why the devil quoted words of the Bible, would be such his strong determination. The shrine is the place that people were looking forward to an appearance of the Messiah. He climbed to such space. Jesus had the choice to jump off there as the Messiah, I think. However, Jesus answered. "It is said, 'You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.'" (12. Deuteronomy 6:16) The absolute trust to God was the answer of Jesus. And that trust leads to the way to the cross. Possibly, the devil has wanted such trust, I imagine so. However, he can live only in the place where the trust was broken.

 "And when the devil had finished every temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time." (13). He may lie hidden around us modern people; and he may be planning the temptation, this and that, to us, now.