Jeremiah 9
In the times not going to hear

Jeremiah 7:16-8:3
Matthew 13:13-23
T Lost the king of reformation

Last time, we have watched an event that king Josiah who went to Megiddo to shoot this was killed in action there, when Egyptian Paro Neco pushed forward the military in Carchemish along the Euphrates as a reinforcement of ally, Assyria in accord with a crisis of the extinction by the Babylonia military. Because the throne of Babylonia changed to Nebuchadnezzar from Nabopolassar on the way, the collision of the Babylonia military and the Egyptian military continues an agglutination state, and it passed a long time of BC608-606. Meanwhile, Neco put Syria and Palestine under the control of him, and controlled these for two years, and forced complete submission to Israel who pointed a blade to him. As a matter of course, it will be that the territory of Judah became smaller than the times of the king Josiah. The king of Judah of this time is Jehoiakim who has been put on to the throne by Paro Neco, but he is the tyrant who cannot consider at all pains of people. In addition, he was not satisfied in the palace of father, and to build a new excellent palace, in addition to a tribute to Egypt, he squeezed it more from people, and he demanded even forced labor (22:13-17). However, he will succumb to a follower of Babylonia this time when the Egyptian military is defeated in Babylonia.

In the times of Jehoiakim who does not deserve to be such king, even if the Israeli religion state came back before king Josiah already, it is not strange. Jerusalem and Judah are filled with the altars of Baal and gods of the paganism in a moment (11:12-13). The representative was "Queen of the sky" (7:18). The text of this morning is from 7:16 to 8:3, it is long; but it is concerned deeply with Ishtar goddess of Babylonia who came into Israel in the times of Manasseh, and it was alienated by the reformation of the king Josiah at one time, but Yahweh faith was hollowed out, and after it, "Queen of the sky" revived in the times of Jehoiakim.

"As for you, do not pray for this people, and do not lift up cry or prayer for them, and do not intercede with Me; for I do not hear you. Do you not see what they are doing in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead to make cakes for the queen of heaven; and they pour out libation to other gods in order to soil Me." (16-18) According to Chapter 26 where same time was written down, because the message of 1-15 is stopped by the anger of Rabbi and a prophet and all people (26:7-8), therefor, it is thought that following of Verse 16 will be the things which were talked about at different times. This place seems to be interact with God and Jeremiah.


U In the Ishtar worship

The Ishtar goddess is known as delivery and an abundant harvest, a goddess of the sexual love. In the sacred document of Babylonia, it seems to be called "world light", "the person who leads Sabaoth", "the Judge of the justice", "the person who establishes law", "goddess in the goddess", "the person who gives power", "the person who drafts all laws and ordinances", "goddess of the victory", "the person who forgives a crime". She was god having extremely big power. And she was also a guardian of the prostitutes. It is said that the shrine prostitute said in the world began in the Ishtar shrine of Babylonia. Will it be because such goddess worship entered? In the sanctuary of Jerusalem also, a professional sodomite or prostitution seemed to be carried out openly. In addition, she seemed to be a daughter of moon God, Shin, and it became votive offering religion that women baked fancy bread and offer it, like there is a custom offering dumplings in the viewing the moon, in Japan. Will "Votive offering festival" in 7:21-28 point at it? 29-34 "infant sacrificial ceremonies" may be to be the form that a votive offering festival developed into more.

The Ishtar goddess was called Inanna, in the old Sumerian times. It had been taken over to old Babilonia and Assyria. And it was succeeded to Ashtaroth of Cannan, Aphrodite of Greece and a Venus of Rome, as the chief god of the fertile faith that was common to the ancient society. Those are said to be the same faith type. Aphrodite and Venus is known as the goddess of love and beauty, and she is also the goddess responsible for the sex, and sometimes brings conflict and harm. Ishtar goddess is the same, too. Those faith are spread out in the then Middle East world and Mediterranean Sea world widely; and, because it was the world leading role of gods as mother God, as same as father God such as Baal and Zeus, it is thought that Israeli people accepted this without resistance. There is it at Verce 31, "I did not command, and it did not come into My mind.", but this shows the thought of people, they would have thought adversely, "God will accept this.". There is it in Micah, "With what shall I come to the Lord and bow myself before the God on high? Shall I come to Him with burnt offerings, with yearling calves? Does the Lord take delight in thousands of rams, in ten thousand rivers of oil? Shall I present my first-born for my rebellious acts, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?" (6:6-7).Because Micah lived in the times of Manasseh, it is sure that he wrote it down in this way in the background of Ishtar cultus, I think.

There is it in Ezekiel, "Then He brought me into the gate of the Lord house which was toward the north; and behold, women were sitting there weeping for Tammus." (8:14), but, when Ishtar reached the courthouse of hell, and was returned from there, Queen of the world of the dead demanded the sacrifice of the victim, as a condition to return her; "Tammuz" is her lover (a son?) who was killed there. Tammus is called Dumuzi in the Sumerian myth, but anyway, Ishtar of Babylonia entered the sanctuary of Jerusalem as it is, and in the times of Jehoiakim, such a thing has been done openly.


V In the times not going to hear

"At that time," declares the Lord, "they will bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of its princes, and the bones of the priests and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem from their graves. And they will spread them out to the sun, the moon, and to all the host of heaven, which they have loved, and which they have gone after, and which they have sought, and which they have worshiped. They will not be gathered or buried; they will be as dung in the face of the ground. And death will be chosen rather than life by all the remnant that remains of this evil family, that remains in all the places to which I have driven them," declares the Lord of hosts. (8:1-3)

There is it, "the sun, the moon, and to all the host of heaven, which they have loved, and which they have served, and which they have gone after, and which they have sought, and which they have worshiped.", but there is a place where such state was written down. It is say of Jews who fled into Egypt when the Babylonia military invaded and attacked. "As for the message that you have spoken to us in the name of the Lord, we are not going to listen to you! But rather we will certainly carry out every word that has proceeded from our mouths, by burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out libations to her, just as we ourselves, our forefathers, our kings and our princes did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; for then we had plenty of food, and were well off, and saw no misfortune. But since we stopped burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out libations to her, we have lacked everything and have met our end by the sword and by famine." (44:16-18) "And" said the women, "when we were burning sacrifices to the queen of heaven, were pouring out libations to her, was it without our husbands that we made for her sacrificial cakes in her image and poured out libations to her?" (44:19) After the reform and unnatural death of king Josiah, Judah has begun to go to the extinction surely. This is a rebuttal of the people who say that the times of paganism of Manasseh and Amon was good. Those times of the paganism lasted 57 years for 697-640 years. Was that change not a nuisance than anything for them? Because, king Josiah discovered book of the law in the temple renovation (Deuteronomy?), it was the 18th years of king Josiah, and it was the final stage of the reform, and he gathered the people and read it; but in 13 years from there to the death of the king, probably, it would not be enough for the education to the people. No, he attached his hand, but probably, it might have been difficult to scrape off the customs of pagan worship that got stuck. Jehoiakim should have succeeded work of the king father. However, there is not the nature to succeed it to him. He got angry at the prophet who recited words of God, and became a persecutor. Jeremiah escaped from it, but prophet Uriah of the same times was murdered by this king (26:20-24). The king had to know that God was working. However, he was not going to know it, and "you (he) did not hear" (7:13), that was a problem. As modern ....


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