Jeremiah 47
To a person loved by the Lord

Jeremiah 46:13-26
Hebrews 3:6-12
Ⅰ Threat prophecy to Egypt

Chapter 46-51 is a message to the other countries. In Chapter 25 which titled on the four year reign of Jehoiakim king, although being fragmentary, the name of many countries and the name of the races are displayed; probably, in its early period, besides, a message being aware of such a foreign country seemed to have been talked about. In addition, one which was spoken to this time, those which were spoken another time and those are referred to as a threat prophecy that decorate the end of Jeremiah and grouped nine. The things which had been talked at separately would have been summarized here by the editors of captivity period (perhaps, more than one). Chapter 44 is a divine revelation to Egypt, and Verse 1-12 pertains to Pharaoh Necho faced to Babylon at Carchemish; it seems description of taking into account the influence of Egypt which has involved in the kingdom of Judah, but I omit it. This morning is from Verse 13-26 which related to Egypt expedition of Nebuchadnezzar.

At the beginning point of this morning, there is it, "This is the message which the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to smite the land of Egypt." (13). This Egypt invasion of the Nebuchadnezzar are estimated 568 year, invasion of the last of him, (in the monument of Babylon king which was unearthed, there is "I won against pharaoh Amasis"); it seems, at that time, Nebuchadnezzar had fought against Pharaoh Amasis. After that, Nebuchadnezzar has died in 562 years. As for Jeremiah, because there is also a legend that he was taken to Egypt and was murdered by stoning of the Jews 2-3 years later (64-5 years old?); even if it was not so early, perhaps, at the time of this invasion of Nebuchadnezzar to Egypt, he would not have been. It seems that he would be nearly 80 years old even if he was alive well until then; but in Egypt of embattled and endured the persecution which has been repeated, he would not have been able to live until that years. Although it is unknown when Jeremiah heard this message, but if we comply with the articles of the other countries listed in Chapter 25, Egypt invasion of Nebuchadnezzar is later of four-year reign of Jehoiakim (605 years), and it is considerably early time in Jeremiah. But, as if he had witnessed that scene, the message of Jeremiah has foreseen the future of Egypt. Maybe, Baruch might have survived and have witnessed this fact, he was younger 20 years than Jeremiah, and he might have added a hand into this article. Introduction became so longer, but now, let's look at this text.


Ⅱ Moved by the Lord

"Declare in Egypt and proclaim in Migdol, proclaim also in Memphis and Tahpanhes;" (14), the writing style of this divine revelation begins with a verse of the thin-messenger who sent. Migdol, Memphis, Tahpanhes are towns where the Jews dwell in there, it is written in 44:1. At the last Babylon invasion by the army of Nebuchadnezzar (582 years), the Jews of that land were slaughtered, and captured; and they were pulled to Babylon. From that time, it has passed 14 years. Of those towns, in particular, the majority of residents of the big city of Memphis of Egypt along with Thebes were Egyptians. And, it would be able to say that most Jews of remaining in there had assimilated to Egypt. Any more, faith in God, such faith against Yahweh of ancestors can not be seen anywhere among them. They had sacrificed to the gods of Egypt in the same way with Egyptians, and had fallen in those who eat those bread. Recipient of this poem which called the thin-messenger was people like that. Invasion of Nebuchadnezzar of this time was to be hostile to Egypt. And maybe, it would have been asked to Jews who had assimilated with Egyptians in that town as an eyewitness / witness. In fact, the declaration of Egypt ruin is thought to have been also a message to them Jews.

"Say, 'Take your stand and get yourself ready, for the sword has devoured those around you.' Why have your mighty ones become prostrate? They do not stand because the Lord has thrust them down. They have repeatedly stumbled; indeed, that have fallen one against another. Then they said, 'Get up! And let us go to our own people and out native land away from the sword of the oppressor.'" (14-16) "Take your stand and get yourself ready,", this was the warning that the large enemy force is imminent; but surely, The and also Jews who have assimilated with Egyptians as well as the Egyptians, would not have thought that Pharaoh's army would be defeated. Because, Egypt has been believed impregnable against invasion of other countries for a long time. But Babironiya army beat Pharaoh Amasis in the force of surging waves. "Mighty ones", it means Pharaoh. Though Babylonia was in emerging countries, there was power and momentum. Moreover, this divine revelation is saying, the Lord of Yahweh is in the behind of Babylon, and He would chase away Pharaoh. "Get up! And let us go back, to our own people and our native lands", it seems words of foreign mercenaries who were hired from neighboring countries. The One who moves the Babylonia military is God of Israel Yahweh; and it was widely known.

Against their employer Pharaoh Amasis, mercenaries are wearing derisively nickname, "Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a big noise; he has let the appointed time pass by!" (17). Septuaginta just copied only the sound, but because there was a same saying in Isaiah (30:7), "Rahab who has been exterminated.", this might be an old saying. In this situation, though he is wielding authority of Pharaoh of Egypt, it is fuss helplessly. His authority would have been longer downfall. Jeremiah was compared Pharaoh to God moved Babylon as "Whose name is the Lord of hosts," (18). The name of Yahweh was known as the presence of excellence around the world.


Ⅲ To a person loved by the Lord

Because the name of the mountain which well known to the Jews are there, "Surely one (Babylon) shall come who looms up like Tabor among the mountains, or like Calmel by the sea." (18); the situation of this crisis was told to the Jews who has assimilated with Egyptians as a warning. They had sojourned in Egypt, it is for the glory of the past of this country; because this country has a rich granary, and has flourished with wealth. Egypt was likened the country to a "pretty heifer"; because there was such a wealth, Egypt was able to accept Jews and other variety of ethnic, and to hire mercenaries. The security of Egypt that are committed to foreign mercenaries, it has continued to modern unchanged from time immemorial. Yet, it is being said that peace will tell the end. "Make your baggage ready for exile, o daughter dwelling in Egypt, for Memphis will become a desolation; it will even be burned down and bereft of inhabitants. Egypt is a preety heifer, but a horsefly is coming from the north--it is coming! Also her mercenaries in her midst are like fattened calves, for even they too have turned back and have fled away together; they did not stand their ground, for the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their punishment. Its sound moves along like a serpent; for they move on like an army and come to her woodcutters with axes. They have cut down her forest. ... The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame, given over to the power of the people of the north." (19-24) In Verse 25, it is said, "Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh, and Egypt ....". It is said, Egyptian center will be passed to the hands of Babylon. It was a decisive defeat of Egypt.

Since there is no forest in Egypt, "forest" will be a symbol of its richness. That will be cut down. Babylon also had a granary; so that, they did not need to bring back the wealth of Egypt. It was just enough to cut down, to avoid resist to Babylon. From the Egyptian side, there was neither the need to widen the sovereign power in the Euphrates domain nor the intention at all; they just wanted to keep Palestine as their own. That is all. For Babylon, it was a problem. The Battle of Egypt and Babylon which was repeated many times, it is thought both would not be aware, but in essence, it was their fight to get the land and the nation which was loved by Yahweh. Is it able to say also envy of those who were loved by the Lord? For the time being, tactics had been given to Babylon; but it is tentatively, too. Because, the eyes of God is directed to the people of Israel, His own. We also modern people must bear in mind it. Because we are also people loved by God. But, if we look away from God, God causes the people hostile to us even now, and He will say to him, "Follow Me". It is said "... Take care, brethren, lest there should be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart, in falling away from the living God." (Hebrews 3:6-12).


The genealogy of prophets