Jeremiah 4
Pre-sign of the Gospel

Jeremiah 3:6-18
Hebrews 10:12-18
T The pain to bride

Jeremiah heard a message from God again. It is from Chapter 3 Verse 6 to Verse 11. Because it was like prose, Jeremiah seemed to regard this as a new message. "Then the Lord said to me in the days of Josiah the king", Jeremiah began it with a formality phrase; it seems to point to such consciousness of him. The message of God that he heard, it has put the north Israel kingdom which was already ruined and divided by the forces of Assyria to the field of vision, not only the south kingdom. The reason why a lost kingdom was included, it was because a people who was conscious of still a citizen of the selection of God would be in that land; and probably it is thought that there would be his consciousness that Israel is a kingdom of God with two of the north kingdom and the south kingdom. And, the diagram of destruction of the north kingdom will come also to the south kingdom. shall we hear it?

""Have you seen what faithless Israel did? She went up on every high hill and under every green tree, and she was a harlot there." (6) "High hill" "under every green tree", both are altars of worshiping gods of the paganism, and both are cultus. The north kingdom has run to such gods. The reason why the Northern Kingdom is likened to "faithless Israel", it is that there is the thought called the contract between God and Israel in the background. It was basic theology of Jeremiah. It is assumed marital status with God and Israel, in the thought of contract. And the setting called "the times of the bride" of Chapter 2 is that purpose. It was a splendid blessing, but Israel has run to a betrayal to assume gods of the paganism their God immediately. It is a fornication. There is it "No! For I have loved strangers" at 2:25; it will be the same in the case of Hoshea. Fornication is bad, it is from consciousness of immoral; but we must understand it is more basic "sin" which lead to the destruction of the contract with God. Therefore the fornication is accused by God who is one contractor of the marital status. God accused it, because He is One who concerns it.

"And I thought, 'After she has done all these things, she will return to Me'; but she did not return, and her treacherous sister Judah saw it. And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot also. And it came about because of the lightness of harlotry, that she polluted the land and committed adultery with stones and trees." (7-9) It is shared with that the north kingdom is "faithless" and the south kingdom is "treacherous"; but "faithless" points simple estrangement, whereas "treacherous" points to the dishonesty that has been hidden, and the object of this new message is the kingdom of Judah to the last. Because these display of "faithless" and "treacherous" are talked side by side in Verse 22 (not translated in Japanese translation), it seems that sin of all of Israel is emphasized here still more. It is not clear whether the one who chose these words is God or Jeremiah, but any way, all Israel will face this severe judgment.


U To the lie superimposed

"'And yet in spite of all this her treacherous sister Judah did not return to Me with all her heart, but rather in deception,' declares the Lord. And the Lord said to me, 'Faithless Israel has proved herself more righteous than treacherous Judah.'" (10-11)

I have said that the treacherous points at hidden faithlessness. "Hidden faithlessness", it points to the falsehood of Judah of the double-dealing. Sanctuary of Judah, it was temple of Jerusalem of course, but it was a sanctuary of Yahweh, and Jerusalem itself was the sacred capital colored by cultus of Yahweh. It may be said that the south Judah kingdom had a sense of superiority that they are nearer to God than the north kingdom, by this Jerusalem and the temple. Therefore, the north kingdom was destroyed; their conviction without grounds that they do not fall like the north kingdom, appears and disappears, in the sense of superiority without the reason. And Judah built a different thing on it. They had put the different "Lord" to there, as if they worshiped Yahweh. That "Lord", it was Baal (2:23) and gods of Cannan which has approximately the number of towns (2:28). What they are insincerity! Besides, that insincerity is hidden. However, that hidden thing was not hidden to God. That faithlessness was reflected to the eyes of Jeremiah clearly, too. The north kingdom which was destroyed and ruined was more right than Judah; in there, it is felt the anger of Jeremiah for Judah, he himself was a member of it. Therefore, he understood the words of the Lord."'Return, faithless Israel,' declares the Lord; 'I will not look upon you in anger, for I am gracious,' declares the Lord; 'I will not be angry forever.'" (12) Although it was ruined, the north kingdom was people of God. It does not still change. Probably, the scenery of these words seems to have a premise that there are remaining people there. The remaining people of the north kingdom had to hear it. Therefore, the next words are about to recite lively in this way. "'Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against the Lord your God and have scattered your favors to the strangers under every green tree, and you have no obeyed My voice,' declares the Lord." (13) It was also a warning to Judah. However, Judah did not hear that it had been turned to themselves, stubbornly. .


V Pre-sign of the Gospel

"'Return, O faithless sons,' declares the Lord; 'For I am a master to you, and I will take you one from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to Zion. Then I will give you shepherds after My own heart, who will feed you on knowledge and understanding. And it shall be in those days when you are multiplied and increased in the land,' declares the Lord, they shall say no more, 'The ark of the covenant of the Lord.' and it shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they miss it, nor shall it be made again. At that time they shall call Jerusalem 'The Throne of the Lord,' and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord; nor shall they walk anymore after the stubbornness of their evil heart. In those days the house of Judah will walk with the house of Israel, and they will come together from the land of the north to the land that I gave your fathers as an inheritance." (14-18)

About this point, there is an opinion to be the thing of posterity. Because it points at the content of after captivity. However, if Jeremiah talk the words of God, it is natural that it exceeds time and space, and exceeds the time of now, the past, and the future; and in short, we must listen to what it has been centered. "The ark of the covenant of the Lord" is considered to be a problem. This is the box of tablets of stone which has inscribed the Ten Commandments given from God, but oddly enough, there is no article about it, since the description of 1 Kings Verse 8:6 which was enshrined in the shrine of Solomon. Probably, between both north and south kingdoms, it is thought that a problem of the installation place, Jerusalem or Gerijimu mountain, and the argument that the ark of the covenant might have been lost were there; but this is the declaration that such an argument is not necessary, here. The ark of the contract that they valued most becomes a trifle, uselessness. In other words, we may hear that the cultus religion that they valued it above all and the covenant theology itself (it is centered on the law), these will give a seat to a new faith form for people of the selection of God, an Israeli race. All Israel including both kingdoms valued ritual and law; but, the worship to other gods was born from cultus, and arteriosclerosis of the faith which should be called "faith of principle rule" was born from law. The new theology should be a thing based on a covenant with God; but, it is a covenant called the return from captivity by the Babylon which was premised that as the north kingdom became extinct Judah must be fallen. The central message of Jeremiah called captivity and the return from captivity, it is still hidden, but it seems to suggest the spread of frame beyond that still. The north kingdom that was already ruined added here; we will be able to hear that the event of a series of salvation that God was planned is continuing to the times of modern us from the times of Jeremiah. It seemed that it was the Gospel based on the repentance of sin. It may be said that the words of God recited here are pre-signs of the Gospel of Jesus.



The genealogy of prophets