Jeremiah 31
In response to the breath of God

Jeremiah 23:23-32
2 Timothy 3:13-17
Ⅰ Those who has a dream may relate his dream, but...

The text of this morning is from Verse 23-33. Perhaps, it is approaching the end of Zedekiah king. In the situation surrounding the kingdom of Judah is changing rapidly, prophets who took its key change began a hard activity, to continue the peaceful era somehow. However, what's the root of the problem of such a "prophets" exactly? Jeremiah is trying to touch that center point.

"'I have heard what the prophets have said who prophesy falsely in My name, saying, "I had a dream, I had a dream!" How long? Is there anything in the hearts of the prophets who prophesy falsehood even these prophets of the deception of their own heart, who intend to make My people forget My name by their dreams which they relate to one another, just as their fathers forgot My name because of Baal? The prophet who has a dream may relate his dream,, but let him who has My word speak My word in truth. What does straw have in common with grain?' declares the Lord." (25-28) It starts with "I have heard", but what had He heard? He says, He heard that prophets were saying proudly saying, "I had a dream, I had a dream!". It is repeated twice; it means that prophets boast their prophecy "This is the word from God". But God says, they are "the prophets who talk lie in My name".

Here, the "dream" which they saw has been severely condemned. Prophets are insisting that this is a revelation of God, but Jeremiah insists on "no" resolute. "Word of God" and "Dreams"; about this, would need careful discussion. The example that dream was revelation of God is seen many in the Old Testament. The case of Daniel and Joseph seems. Until now, when the relationship between the word of God and dreams were discussed, the word of God / the Bible documented had been the standard of the judgment. In the case of Daniel, volumes 39 of the Old Testament was still unfinished, but it was in the era of the Babylonian captivity and because the concentration of the Bible had already been done, it would be a decision timely. However, about the time that the Bible had become the word of God with authority, exactly it would have to wait for the era of the New Testament. In other words, until greet the New Testament times, it seems that the distinction between "the word of God" and "dream" was moderate. In the case of Joseph of early time, this trend was even more pronounced.


Ⅱ In the interval of the Bible and the dream

Also the era of Jeremiah, as well as the era of Daniel, the concentration of the Bible had not yet become, but, because substantial part of the Old Testament was completed, I think the distinction between "dream" and "Bible" had been some extent. However, because old traditional rituals have looked its face everywhere in his prophecy form of Jeremiah, revelation of God was not necessarily the Bible which was documented, but traditional rituals had been taken as the revelation of God in the specific gravity of the equivalent. Even if a "dream" is in there, it is not strange. Where is the distinction between the "word of God" and "dream"? We must consider about it.

Like some commentators say, when prophets talk their dream with a name of God, at first, it must be clarified about "Who is its God?". Because it is saying "in My name" here, they would have covered it by the name of God, Yahweh; but since it has been clearly contradicted here, in fact, there is no doubt that the real image which they used was the other gods. At that point, prophets have made ​​a fundamental mistake. It was pointed out many times in the past, but the pagan gods had entered into the kingdom of Judah. There is it here, "their fathers forgot My name because of Baal". What they had considered as a "word of God" was a "divine revelation" of gods somewhere. Of course, such gods who have no power cannot letting see a dream to us; so that, we must see that their pale hope and evil spirits have told the "dream"; Jeremiah has denounced against those.

In Genesis 3, it has an article that snake / devil tempt Adam and Eve, but, at that time, the nut which had been told by God as "You must not eat", was "nut of the knowledge of good and evil". It was the first human "sin", but it would be seen as the very simple event. However, when we read the Bible and trace the history of human; as we pass through the times, such simple sin will become increasingly complex. Surely, by continuing to eat of the tree of knowledge, human and devil came good at crime. The crenel of dream and word of God is narrowed steadily, distinction is no longer. Would modern not be its extremity? Then, the distance between God has become distant. In that crenel, devil is standing. The computer is increasing the width of knowledge on their own; can you read that diagram in there?

If we look in that way, we are able to nod the views of those who say, that about Verse 23-24, it is decorating thing the beginning of this place. Prophets are aware of the "close" the distance with God, so that, they equate the word of God with the words of their own thought. They are convinced so. Doesn't it infringe on the absolute excellence of God? So, Jeremiah disputed, and said "God is far from you guys".


Ⅲ In response to the breath of God

The ruling of God is this. "'Is not My word like fire?' declares the Lord. 'and like a hammer which shatters a rock?'" (29) "'Therefore behold, I am against the prophets,' declares the Lord, 'who steal My words from each other. Behold, I am against the prophets,' declares the Lord, 'who use tongues and declare, "The Lord declares."' declares the Lord, 'and related them, and led My people astray by their falsehoods and reckless boasting; yet I did not send them or command them nor do they furnish this people the slightest benefit,' declares the Lord." (30-32)

"Declares the Lord"; this formulated statement has been used four times. Many by far when compared to other places, it was to emphasize the judgement of God. Because, here, I can feel the breath of God. The 新共同訳 version is saying, "I / the Lord speak", and such nuance is there. Breath of God was breath of anger against them. It was the anger of God which was repeated three times "I am against the prophets". Jeremiah spoke such an anger of God. Even if their anger blazed toward Jeremiah, it would not be strange.

In the below Verse 33 which seems to be suspect the revision of progeny, because there is no uniformity in subject matter and also to be handled with rough, it is drawn. "Now when this people or the prophet or a priest asks you saying, 'What is the oracle of the Lord?' then you shall say to them, 'What oracle?' The Lord declares, 'I shall abandon you,'" (33) Would the retoucher have concern to the confrontation of prophets and Jeremiah?

Except for the part of the revision, Baruch has omitted any such a thing. Speaking the word of God, it was important above all for Jeremiah. Even if how it was nasty words, the prophet must tell the word of God; he can not delete it or dramatize it by their own judgment; he must tell what has heard from God. People who linked the name to the geneology of prophet did that way. Jremiah would also have hope so. And, disciples of Jesus also ....... Now, in the hands of us, there is the Bible which have been documented, the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is the word which was written received the breath of God. We must be transmitted this word. While cherish every word. It is written that "All Scripture is profitable for teaching ,for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;" (2 Timothy 3:16). We modern people are standing "Between dream and word of God", opposed to cooperate the wisdom of the devil, we wish to continue to stand on that words of God, I think.


The genealogy of prophets