Jeremiah 30
Put on the Lord Jesus Christ

Jeremiah 28:1-17
Romans 13:11-14
Ⅰ The vain hope

Jeremiah has told the word of the Lord over the three times in chapter 27, to the messenger of countries, to Zedekiah king, and to the priests and people. The center message was intended to crush the prophecy of the false-prophets, the "theology of hope" which was comfortable in their ears; but the battle of the prophets and Jeremiah was following. Text of this morning is the fourth year reign of Zedekiah king yet, but this is a continuation of Chapter 27. Jeremiah is still wearing yoke on the neck.

Before Jeremiah who was speaking in the garden of the temple, the prophet Hananiah stood. Baruch calls him "the son of Azzur, the prophet, who was from Gibeon". Not only his name, but his feature was applied here; probably, he would have been a prophet supported by a lot of people at that time. Gibeon was the land of Benjamin, and it was also one of the town of 48 Levites as same as Anathoth (Joshua 21:17), and after sanctuary Shiloh fell by Philistines (after the death of Samuel?), St. place was built there; it was known as an important town in Israel. That prominent prophet Hananiah said with confidence. "Thus says the Lord of the host, the God of Israel." The format of this prophecy is exactly the same as Jeremiah. Because of that, the answer to Hananiah of Jeremiah was very polite, and he agreed it with "Amen" (6). If it says the contrary, the prophecy of Jeremiah would have been credible even to Hananiah. But Hananiah has stated the exact opposite thing of Jeremiah, and seems sure that it always would be realized. Where is a basis of such his conviction?

"'I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon. Within two years I am going to bring back to this place all the vessels of the Lord's house, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place and carried to Babylon. I am also going to bring back to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and all the exiles of Judah who went to Babylon,' declares the Lord, 'for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.'" (2-4) When looking at this, you will know that his standing place is in the "theology of hope".


Ⅱ Those biased to fight

The basis of his strong message seems to be in that "I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon,". He has repeated it twice here. And, when he got angry for the objections of Jeremiah, and has crushed a yoke which was in the neck of Jeremiah (10), he said it again. "Thus says the Lord, 'Even so will I break within two full years, the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from the neck of all the nations.'" Why is it? He is referring the phrase that "break from the neck of all the nations,", to the countries other than the kingdom of Judah. We have seen about the messengers of countries who heard the message of Jeremiah in ahead. At this time, when looking at the words of Jeremiah of the Verse 14, they seems to have remained in the kingdom of Judah still. Hananiah said to be heard also to the messengers, "in the presence of all the people" (1, 11). It is thought that Hananiah was attempting to involve neighboring countries (military alliance) for the rebellion to the Babylonian. If he is one of the members of militarism group, here, he is not speaking to Jeremiah, but he is encouraging the people who are there, in the temple. "If you will stand up, never fear such as the Babylonian army. It is enough in two years to get victory. Because the Lord, our God does not want the destruction of Jerusalem, He will help us by all means. The person and the sacred vessel which have become captivity to Babylon will returned. Yoke of Babylon would be broken." When hear this, we can nod that he is calling God effusively as "the God of Israel, the Lord of hosts,". It would be good to see that his belief was on the rebels launch, rather than that it came from God. He does not mention at all about the king Zedekiah, oddly. It was because that Zedekiah was attached to the throne by Babylon, and he was reluctant to the rebellion plan which was beginning to progress. Probably, this rebellion plan would have been promoted by nationalists in the kingdom of Judah. If people stand up and rebels raise their flag in the countries, Zedekiah king will stand up at that time. His belief was on such a calculation.

Jeremiah and Baruch had managed to see through it. Carefully, ... agreed. He expressed consent to Hananiah first and said, "Amen! May the Lord do so; may the Lord confirm your words which you have prophesied to bring back the vessels of the Lord's house and all the exiles, from Babylon to this place." (6). We also hope it would become so; both Jeremiah and Baruch would have thought of the bottom of heart so. Their love for the people is not inferior to Hananiah. However, the message that God has spoken to Jeremiah was quite different from it of Hananiah. He should talk about it.


Ⅲ Put on the Lord Jesus Christ

Messages to Hananiah are three. (1) "Yet hear now this word which I am about to speak in your hearing and in the hearing of all the people! The prophets who were before me and before you from ancient times prophesied against many lands and against great kingdoms, of war and of calamity and of pestilence. The prophet who prophesies of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then that prophet will be known as one whom the Lord has truly sent." (7-9) (2) "Thus says the Lord, 'You have broken the yokes of wood but you have made instead of them yokes of iron,' For thus say the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel. 'I have put a yoke of iron on the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they serve him. And I have also given him the beasts of the field.'" (13-14) (3) "Listen now, Hananiah, the Lord has not sent you, and you have made this people trust in a lie. Therefore thus says the Lord, 'Behold, I am about to remove you from the face of the earth. This year you are going to die, because you have counseled rebellion against the Lord.'" (15-16)

Baruch wrote that Jeremiah had told like Hananiah "in front of all the people". The ancient poor people of region is often considered ignorance, but the people of Israel is not so. They had been taught for a long time, to be able to read the sacred document. So Jeremiah has pointed out that the word of prophets (Amos, Isaiah, and Micah) was not the word easy to hear. Generally, people who was called "prophet" was a person who has been erected like that, and when such warnings were required, they came out. People would have listened to the message which such prophets spoke in the streets, and would have read what has been documented. In any case, the people of Israel has been lived with the prophet. Since they knew well that the message of the prophet was not a good one ear per never, Jeremiah testified his message is belonging to that genealogy of the prophet.

The explanation of (2) and (3), probably, it will not be need. There is it, "So Hananiah the prophet died in the same year in the seventh month." (17)."This year you are going to die, because you have counseled rebellion against the Lord.", it was done like it.

By the way, in modern Japan, it does not mean there are people who are called prophets. However, as a prophet, occasionally, there are people who disturb the state of society. In addition, it is true that religion which says only the "theology of hope", neighborly love, peace, and tranquility of mind etc., like Hananiah, is often, including christianity. Even in the religious cult said to be a christian, there are such people. However, please listen. Jesus Christ became our "blessed" (the theology of true hope), it is sure. But today, to listen to these warnings, it is also necessary in order to face the hope of Jesus, I think. Please listen that Paul is saying. "It is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. The night is almost gone, and the day is at hand. Let us therefore lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts." (Romans 13:11-14) The hand of God is going to work something in our modern, and its time is approaching. We want to see it.


The genealogy of prophets