Jeremiah 26
Because of the words of God (2)

Jeremiah 36:1-32
Revelation 20:4
Ⅰ Passion of Jeremiah original text

Appearance of Jehoiakim king in Jeremiah, it jumps to Chapter 36. In his reign of fourth year, Jeremiah was said from God. "Take a scroll and write on it all the words which I have spoken to you concerning Israel, and concerning Judah, and concerning all the nations, from the day I first spoke to you, from the days of Josiah, even to this day." (2) It was the expectation (3) that possibly a house of Judah who would hear the fierce judgment of God once again might be repent by recording it. Jeremiah summoned Baruch and ordered him to write oral instruction. Probably, the fragment which Jeremiah himself wrote and kept in long time, would be helpful. Originally, Baruch seems to have been secretary of public office. Originally, Baruch seems to have been secretary of public office. The encounter with Jeremiah is not clarified; but, as an only disciple of Jeremiah, it seemed that he was beside Jeremiah until finish his life in Egypt. Is it because he became to be known as a disciple of Jeremiah?, his name has been put in Apocrypha Pseudepigrapha document as the work of progeny, as "book of Baruch" and "Baruch Apocalypse" etc.. When the scroll was completed, Jeremiah ordered in Baruch. When the scroll was completed, Jeremiah said to Baruch. "I am restricted; I cannot go into the house of the Lord. So you go and read from the scroll which you have written at people in the Lord's house on a fast day. And also you shall read them to all the people of Judah who come from their cities. Perhaps their supplication will come before the Lord, and everyone will turn from his evil way, for great is the anger and the wrath that the Lord has pronounced against this people." (5-7)

So Baruch went to the shrine and read the scroll. The reaction was big, and its reputation has reached the ears of the king about one year later. Some officials, who felt kindly toward Jeremiah and Baruch, have suggested "Hide yourselves so that you do not touch the eye of the king", and they obeyed its advice. So, this scroll would have been read aloud in front of the king, not by Baruch, it was read by Jehudy (grand chamberlain?). "Now the king was sitting in the winter house in the ninth month, with a fire burning in the brazier before him. And it came about, when Jehudy had read three or four columns, the king cut it with a scribe's knife and threw it into the fire that was in the brazier, until all the scroll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier." (22-23) If this is not the resistance for the words of God, what is it? As a king of Israel, it was that there should not be absolutely. In this way, the original text of Jeremiah has been lost.

Ⅱ In the times not to hear it

"Yet the king and all his servants who heard all these words were not afraid, nor did they rend their garments." (24). Baruch who was modest always wrote down the state of this time. Slightly of three people, "Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah" have tried to stop the outrageous of the king, but the king did not listen. Not only it, king has ordered the arrest of Jeremiah and Baruch. Testimony of these three people would have been communicated to Baruch. There is it, "The Lord hid them" (26), this testimony seems to be in a later, however the faith in the Lord of Baruch would have begun to establish here.

"And concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah you shall say, 'Thus says the Lord, "You have burned this scroll, saying, 'why have you written on it that the king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall meke man and beast to cease from it?'" Therefore thus says the Lord concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah, "He shall have no one to sit on the throne of David, and his dead body shall be cast out to the bear of the day and the frost of the night, I shall also punish him and his descendants and his servants for their iniquity, and I shall bring on them and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the men of Judah all the calamity that I have declared to the --but they did not listen."'" (29-31) Jehoiakim's problem was the phrase that "Babylon will come and destroy this country" which had been written many times in the scroll. And it would have been a matter of course as king. Because they were a king and servants, of if there is a kingdom of Judah. In the Jeremiah original text that Baruch wrote, "sin" of the king, his servants and all people of Judah who have neglected God was blamed severely, and "repent and hear the word of the Lord" was told repeatedly. However, the king did not touch about it at all. Jeremiah does not take it up yet, but several times, condemnation to the prophets are written in harsh words (Chapter 27-29). Surrounded by such prophets who were going to speak only a comfortable thing in an ear of the king, it is thought that it became the base of the relief of the King. Standards of judgment of the king, it was the word of their entourage prophets.

Probably, for Jehoiakim king, the words of the prophecy by Jeremiah would have been felt genuine. Therefore he learned fear, and that fear turned into intense anger. God is angry, as "Then, why don't you listen?". God said, "Therefor, I shall punish for their iniquity, and bring on them all the calamity". Secretary Baruch would have written this, in while feeling the fear to God. The sin (iniquity of them, 31) of the king, of servants and of the people of Judah are due to the fact that they did not hear the word of God.

Ⅲ Because of the words of God

The following message is a record by the faith of Baruch. A message for the king Jehoiakim, and another message for Jeremiah are told. "Take again another scroll and write on it all the former words that were on the first scroll which Jehoiakim the king of Judah burned." (28) "Another scroll", it refers to the scroll of parchment with nothing written. It was very expensive. I thought this is the one which the secretary Baruch had, but because Jeremiah prepares for this from Verse 32, probably, it will be the thing which Jeremiah oneself pays money and purchased. Although it is wonder, where was such money, because he was persecuted from the people; but he would have (possibly multiple) supporters of Jeremiah that did not come out in the table. Probably, this was also the special consideration of God, I think.

The word of God, its order is like this. (1) Write down the scroll to another (28), (2) The judgement to the king, (3) Re-recording to the another scroll. "Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave to to Baruch the son of Neraiah, the scribe, and he wrote on it at the dictation of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire; and many similar words were added to them." (32) Baruch puts the words of the judgement to the king between the Verse 32 and Verse 28, and divided (1) and (3); it is felt some kind of intent in here. First of all, it is from Verse 28; but, why the re-recording to the scroll was before the judgement of king Jehoiakim?, it must be considered God has been given priority to it. It is because God Himself values the words which was spoken of His Own. We must learn this priority, too. And, it is about Verse 32 which was executed the instruction of God, this is not simply that it took time to work, or the order of events were like that, but it would be nice to think this is the summary of Chapter 36. It is because, probably, Jeremiah and Baruch would have taken this task seriously. Two people repeated the work which was carried out about a year ago. Jeremiah dictated, and Baruch wrote it. However, that work would have been full of difficulty than previous time. There was a limit to the memory of Jeremiah, and it was necessary to rub the memory of Baruch at this time. It seems unlikely that the same thing as before it has finished. "And many similar words were added to them"; although it is the additional to any text which have written once, it seems to say the things that pulled out a lot further while doing re-read many times, from the depths of their memory. There was such a struggle, and this scroll was completed. There was the help of God, it does not need to say. Jeremiah had already experienced it, but this would be fresh surprise for Baruch. To protect the words of God by the risk of own life; not only Jeremiah and Baruch, our predecessors of faith had piled such a history. Following the last time, we want to learn words of Revelation once again. "Because of the testimony of Jesus and the words of God" (20:4) Don't we hope to do so?

The genealogy of prophets