Jeremiah 24
For the accepted time

Jeremiah 25:1-14
2 Corinthians 6:2
Ⅰ Listen to the words of the Lord

An article about king Jehoiakim drew to an end. The text of this morning, 25:1 -14, is not a direct message to king Jehoiakim, but it is the central message of Jeremiah told to the people of Judah on fourth year of his reign. At first, we will take it up from there. The Book of Jeremiah is confused the temporal order from around here, and the text of this morning does not lead to the context of before and after; because it disturbs the context formally substantially (commentators say so), many commentators are guessing that probably this would have been at the end of the original. It is unknown why it has been inserted here in the editing process, but many people seem to imagine it in various ways. Let's take a look.

The fourth year reign of Jehoiakim king is BC604-605, it is the year that king Nebuchadnezzar of New Babylonia broke the pharaoh of Egypt in the war of Carchemish. By this, Nebuchadnezzar became the champion of ancient Orient, Palestine, and Silja. "The first year of Nebuchadnezzar" of Verse 1, it is such a meaning. Though Jehoiakim is mediocre, he can not go against Nebuchadnezzar anymore. Because, "the menace from the north" which has been talked about many times until now by Jeremiah became clear to be the thing by the Babylonian military. Jehoiakim was switched to Nebuchadnezzar the dependent from Nechoh who have the king of Judah himself. But, he changed again to Egypt three years later, whether he still feels regret for Egypt. Will it depend on his commonplaceness that cannot grasp the actual situation of the world situation? A message of Jeremiah begins. "From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, these twenty-three years the word of the Lord has come to me, and I have spoken to you again and again, but you have not listened. And the Lord has sent to you all His servants the prophets again and again, but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear, saying 'Turn now everyone from his evil way and from the evil of your deeds, and dwell on the land which the Lord has given to you and your forefathers forever and ever; and do not go after other gods to serve them and to worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the work of your hands, and I will do you no harm.' Yet you have not listened to Me," declares the Lord, "in order that you might provoke Me to anger with the work of your hands to your own harm." (3-7)


Ⅱ Facing seriously

It is not a new thing to be talked here, at all. As Jeremiah says, he continued to speak all these messages during 23 years since he was called as a prophet from the Lord. It is repeated here many times, "You have not heard", "You did not listened nor inclined your ear to hear" and "I have spoken to you again and again"; it will point that the same message would have been repeated. Usually, prophet stands on the street corner with disciples, and tells to people there. Then, disciples are divided and relay the message of "the teacher" to people, and "the teacher" also talks it at other places. In that way, the name of the prophet / "teacher" spreads out. It does not limit to Judah, but such poem and literary work was advertised like that, in ancient society which did not have radio and television. The epic, "Oduseia" and "Iliad", of Homerosu of the ancient Greek also had been read on a street corner like that.

However, Jeremiah does not have a disciple. He had not done a prophecy activities to increase his name, and, he seemed not even to try to open the prophet school taking the disciples either. But, because a message told "to talk" from God was to be concerned with fate of Judah, he would have thought that people of Judah must hear it somehow or other. It is thought it was his spontaneity to have talked repeatedly over and over again. In addition, God Himself, who has been ordered as "Tell it on", spoke the same message to Jeremiah many times. Even it is not new, but it is talking about as the new message totally; now, we'll have to listen here, because such Jeremiah and God's compelling feelings was there. The word of God is absolutely not the thing listening while having rut and tired. To the words which is spoken in the worship every week, don't we are required to have such a hardball from God?

God demands eagerly that He Himself is the only God for Israel. So, He is commandment that they should not take out the goddess of Ishtar and Baal such as the gods of the Gentiles as the new epidemic. It is thought that it is the turning over too much yearn of Him for Israel.


Ⅲ For the accepted time

"Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, 'Because you have not obeyed My words, behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,' declares the Lord, 'and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations round about; and I will utterly destroy them, and make them a horror, and a hissing, and an everlasting desolation. Moreover, I will take from them the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp. And this whole land shall be a desolation and a horror, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years." (8-11)

"I will send and take all the families of the north"; the message that came said up to now will be repeated. "All families"; but this would not be exaggerated expression, because probably Babylon would have ruled Palestine and Silja and all countries around at this point. Nebuchadnezzar had with always the tactics that he dispatch the advanced team consisting of the around nations, at first, and that advance team was vandalism as guerrilla around there, and after that, a main force of Babylonia army to invade there. He overwhelms his enemy in that way. Then, we can nod the word which is saying, "I will utterly destroy them, and make them a horror, and a hissing, and an everlasting desolation". We must hear that the Babylonia military has abolished all the life of people of Judah completely. It is just saying, "I will bring upon that land all My words which I have pronounced against it, all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah has prophesied against all the nations." (13). It will be good to hear that Verse 14 and Verse 12 are conclusions.

"'Then it will be when seventy years are completed I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation,' declares the Lord, 'for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans; and I will make it an everlasting desolation. (For many nations and great kings shall make slaves of them, even them; and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the work of their hands.)'" (12,14) In the historical fact, the return instruction has been issued by King Cyrus of Persia about 50 years later. However, this is a round number, and because it is written in 27:7, that the rule of Babylon period of three generations will continue, 70 years will be that meaning. That's right, the mighty empire Babylonia has ended only with the king of three generations, and it was destroyed by the new emerging Media / Persian. Don't you seem that Babylonia Empire came appeared only to destroy the kingdom of Judah? God called Nebuchadnezzar "my servant" (9); that's right, we do have to say that he was working as a vessel of God. Babylonian captivity of Judah, it was the judgment of God for the people of Judah. However, even if it is 70 years, but the duration is limited. This is because God hopes that they will repent and return to Him as people of God. It is only that God regrets them. As I have touched it earlier, the severe judgment of God will be its flip. As Paul said "behold, now is 'the accepted time,' behold, now is 'the day of salvation'" (2 Corinthians 6:2); in a sense, the judgement of God is the days of blessing and the days of looking forward to the salvation. Now, please want to remember the Lord of blessing, the Lord of salvation.



The genealogy of prophets