Jeremiah 23
Before becoming beyond cure

Jeremiah 19:14-20:6
2 Peter 3:3-13
Ⅰ In the valley of Topheth

"Then Jeremiah came from Topheth, where the Lord had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of the Lord's house and said to all the people; 'Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, "Behold, I am about to bring on this city and all its towns the entire calamity that I have declared against it, because they have stiffened their necks so as not to heed My words."'" (19:14-15)

Topheth is a ritual place in the valley of Ben-hinnom, and Jeremiah was ordered from the Lord, "Go out, and proclaim there". (19:1). There is it in 2 Kings 23:10, "He also defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire for Molech"; this is the king Joshua religious reformer. However, the pagan worship had been restored in the times of his son King Jehoiakim, and Topheth had come back to life as a place of infant sacrifice. However, the pagan worship had been restored in the times of his son King Jehoiakim, and Topheth had come back as a place of infant sacrifice. Jeremiah was ordered to go to Topheth and to proclaim the words of the Lord; but now, after finished the duty, it was the time he came back to the sanctuary. Jeremiah repeated once again that has talked about in Topheth, here. Verse 19:15, it has been simplified (summary) by secretary Baruch, but it would be good to see those contents are the same with those Chapter 19.

It is part, but we will hear a message which he has talked about in Topheth. "Hear the word of the Lord, O kings of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem; thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, 'Behold I am about to bring a calamity upon this place, at which the ears of everyone that hears of it will tingle. Because they have forsaken Me and have made this an alien place and have burned sacrifices in it to other gods that neither they nor their forefathers nor the kings of Judah had ever known, and because they have filled this place with the blood of the innocent and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, a thing which I never commanded or spoke of, nor did it ever enter My mind; therefore, behold, days are coming,' declare the Lord, 'when this place will no longer be called Topheth of the valley of Ben-hinnom, but rather the valley of Slaughter.'" (19:3-6) The same thing is recited in Chapter 7; Israel was often criticized, but they were not going to stop its bad habit. Not only it but also, pagan altar began to enter in the temple in Jerusalem. But still, it seems infant sacrifice had not been done within the temple. It would be already a symbol of their crime, not only a simple "bad habit". It is there, "This place will call the valley of Slaughter", but the valley of Ben-hinnom would have been a garbage incineration place from old days, and it was battlefield repeated many times again, and it was abandonment location of a corpse. Probably, abandoned bodies would have be burned there. Perhaps, Topheth would be the meaning of the oven (incineration place), by the Bible Dictionary. In such a history, a new page is going to be inscribed again now. It is destruction and massacres by the military of Babironiya


Ⅱ Against the authority of God

Pashhur the priest has heard the message of Jeremiah which was told in the garden of shrine. "When Pashhur the priest, the son of Immer, who was chief officer in the house of the Lord, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things," (20:1) "Chief officer in the house of the Lord" means the secretary of the top hits of those who guard the temple. It was an authoritative position along with the high priest. He arrested Jeremiah with that authority. There is it, "Pashhur had Jeremiah the prophet beaten, and put him in the stocks that were at the upper Benjamin Gate, which was by the house of the Lord." (2). "Beating", according to the provisions of Deuteronomy 25:1-3, it means to beat 40 times with a whip, facing down on the ground a sinner. Probably, Jeremiah would have been beaten by its rule. Because "to put in the stocks", it was the word with the etymology of "twist", it was a tool of the torture to fix a body of Jeremiah by twisting. Pashhur got angry at a message of Jeremiah, the impeachment of Judah, and admonished Jeremiah by this torture. The General Director himself was present at torture (execution) there, and it seems to hear a bellow voice of cross-examination, "Why are you talking about such a thing by what authority? Shut up!". Because the authority of the shrine guard general director whom Pashhur has worn, it was intended to protect a shrine, and it should be to authority of God. However, he became an antagonist of God. Because, he accepted a votive offering to Ishtar and Baal and Molech gods, and he himself took part in the paganism worship as a priest. He was going to try to confine and shut in the word of God. In a rule of the Deuteronomy, a trial had to be held before such a penalty by all means; but there is not the performed trace of the trial here. Though it was the dignified name called the shrine guard general director, the dogmatism of such a shrine boss seemed to get by. Around the temple, it may be said that Judah itself had been affected by end-stage symptoms.

After was beaten with a whip, Jeremiah was put in the detention center of the jail-house monitoring of the temple. Because restraint itself was torture, he would have spent a sleepless night, until released the next day. However, Jeremiah encouraged by words of God did not succumb to torture.


Before becoming beyond cure

Because this detention center was in-house monitoring of the shrine guard, a part of the gate of Benjamin, he was touched in the eyes of many people. Because people who came over to the shrine heard a message of prophet Jeremiah many times, there might have been people who thought the arrest and restraint of Jeremiah was unfair, among them. Would Pashhur have cared about the eyes of such person? The next day, he had threatened Jeremiah and unleashed him from the stocks, saying "Do not speak things like yesterday again". However, the moment that he was released, Jeremiah said to Pashhur. "Then it came about on the next day, when Pashhur released Jeremiah from the stocks, that Jeremiah said to him, 'Pashhur is not the name the Lord has called you, but rather Magor-missabib. For thus says the Lord, "Behold, I am going to make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; and while your eyes look on, they will fall by the sword of their enemies. So I shall give over all Judah to the hand of the king of Babylon, and he will carry them away as exiles to Babylon and will slay then with the sword. I shall also give over all the wealth of this city, all its produce, and all its costly things; even all the treasures of kings of Judah I shall give over to the hand of their enemies, and they will plunder them, take them away, and bring them to Babylon. And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house will go into captivity; and you will enter Babylon, and there you will die, and there you will be buried, you and your friends to whom you have falsely prophesied."'" (20:3-6).

There was a word, divine revelation of God to Jeremiah; probably it would have been the time that he spent the night could not sleep because bound by the instrument of torture. However, because there were words of God, Jeremiah was able to endure such a persecution. The reason that God spoke to Jeremiah restricted by fetters by some kind of methods; needless to say, it was to carry out the promise of God Himself saying "I will make you to this people a fortified wall of bronze" (15:20). Yes, Jeremiah endured such persecution, and not only it but also, he was able to behave as a winner to the person who persecuted. Without hesitation, he spoke the word of God. "Thus says the Lord of host, 'Just so shall I break this people and this city, even as one breaks a potter's vessel, which cannot again be repaired; and they will bury in Topheth because there is no other place for burial.'" (19:11) Exactly, Topheth will become the valley of slaughter. How would Pashhur have heard the divine message that people of a house connected to him would be pulled to Babylon? His reaction does not be written anything, but the big army of Babylonia is marching immediately to there towards Jerusalem. No way, it is impossible that information has not reached to the edge of the shrine guard Director General. However, will the reason why a message breaks off here be that he mocked there should not be such a thing? Before becoming beyond cure, we Modern do not mock at words of God and must have an ear to hear. "But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells." (2 Peter 3:13) This is because the time approaches.



The genealogy of prophets