Still, is there hope?Jeremiah 15:1-9$B-5(B When greet the time of collapse
The words of Jeremiah grow tense all and many places are also in age unknown, so, a question of whether the crisis was really imminent have appeared. However, the text of this morning wrapped in a sense of urgency not waste any time, and perhaps, a crisis is imminent. There are a death of the king Jehoiakim and the end of the south kingdom (BC597) in the background. After the death of king Jehoiakim, two kings, Jehoiakin and Zedekiah, were put up, and the south kingdom continued as a lame duck under Babylonia rule for 11 years; but it might be said that the south kingdom extinction (BC597) began virtually in its year. It is said usually that the first captivity to the Babylon was at its year.
Now, I will introduce here an outline of Babylon captivity. Nebuchadnezzar who defeated the Egyptian army at Carchemish invaded Palestine, and sovereignty of the south kingdom moved from Egypt to Babylonia; however, three years later, in BC 601, when Jehoiakim has received the information that Nebuchadnezzar was defeated by Neco of Egypt, he changed his attitude again to Egypt. However, Babylonia army invaded Judah, but at this time, a small number of people including Daniel was taken to Babylon. This is the first round of captivity in fact, but many people do not count this virtually. And BC 597, a large catastrophe visited. Captivity of Jehoiachin was in this time.
Nebuchadnezzar's furious anger against the estrangement of King Jehoiakim did not only fit into invasion of BC 601 and captivity. From the domestic situation of imminent, Nebuchadnezzar left from the battle of Carchemish, at once; and because there was also another struggle, he was not able to invade Judah soon again. But he sent the guerrilla band, such as the detachments of Aramean and Moab, and ravaged the land of Judah. And second Judah invasion began in December, BC 598, but king Jehoiakim died before the big army arrived at Judah, and his son Jehoiakin became king. Probably, it is guessed King Jehoiakim was assassinated. Because Jehoiakim has been put on a label not to be suitable as a king for Judah and for Babylon, people would have thought that soften the anger of Nebuchadnezzar by being without him, and tried to survival of the kingdom; these are the majority presumed. Only three months later after Jehoiachin got the throne, Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin to Babylon. However, the Bible says that after several months of imprisonment, he came out from prison and was treated as a king of Judah at the palace; but it seems to be a reasonable guess. Nebuchadnezzar invaded and attacked Judah on BC 586 after this, and had destroyed Jerusalem thoroughly, and he caught Zedekiah and dug out his eyes and do blindness him, and took him to Babylonia with more than 10,000 people. It is the extinction of the south kingdom. This is considered to be the second captivity.
$B-6(B The judgment of God
The explanation of the background got longer, but this is the text of this morning under such situation. God said to Jeremiah. "Even though Moses and Samuel were to stand before Me, My heart would not be with this people; send them away from My presence and let them go!" (1) "Even though Moses and Samuel were to stand before Me, My heart would not be with this people"; it shows the will of a determined umpire of God not to hear 2 degrees prayer of Jeremiah (14:2 -9, 17-22). Jeremiah harassed it to God over and over again, but the determination of God did not change and said "Do not pray for the welfare of this people. When they fast, I am not going to listen to their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and grain offering, they offer going to accept them. Rather I am going to make an end of them by the sword, famine and pestilence." (14:11-12). No, the more severe judgment of God is sentenced to. "Those destined for death, to death; and those destined for the sword, to the sword; and those destined for famine, to famine; and those destined for captivity, to captivity." (2) To despair of the people saying "Where do we go?", this is a sentence that their end is "the sword and famine and captivity". It may be said that it is judgment of God. At the same time with the Babylon invasion, a severe famine seems to have struck the land of Israel. There is no person to be able to escape from that judgment. There is it, "'And I shall appoint over them four kinds of doom,' declares the Lord: 'the sword to slay, the dogs to drag off, and the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.'" (3); this will be saying that every thing that God created fights against them. Until now, people have ruled these things as a friend, however, it is saying that all creatures of the natural world will be against them, as Israel has been opposed to God. Such a thing was going to happen in the south kingdom.
However, this is the evil that Israel is going to experience, it says "And I shall make them an object of horror among all the kingdoms of the earth because of Manasseh, the son of Hezekiah, the king of Judah, for what he did in Jerusalem." (4), and this is a sample to all people whom God created; therefor, we must hear it is the prefiguration of the end. Even if we hear the evildoing of Manasseh, the invasion of the Babylonia military and the revolt of cover all things in nature of captivity, famine and the natural world, we modern people say that those are old old far-off event of Israel; but in fact, this blessing and judgment of God for Israel are our models. It is hard to hear such a message of Jeremiah repeatedly many times; "I shall make them an object of horror among all the kingdom of the earth", but I hear it is a message which is turned to us modern.
$B-7(B Still, is there hope?
After 670 years from this time, encircling Jerusalem was established by Rome and this town was destroyed thoroughly; but a Jew Josephus witnessed it and wrote its state in the book called "The Jewish War". When we read it, most of them seems to overlap with this Jerusalem extinction by Babylonia. Josephus testified the Jewish extinction was their own thing and Rome just only became a hand of God; and probably Babylonia would have been so. While wanting to rescue the brethren as much as possible, Josephus has thought that the "sin" of Jews in front of God has become this destruction; and he lost words. Probably, prophet Jeremiah would have been the same thought, too. "'Indeed, who will have pity on you, O Jerusalem, or who will mourn for you, or who will turn aside to ask about your welfare? You who have forsaken Me,' declares the Lord, 'You keep going backward. So I will stretch out My hand against you and destroy you; I am tired of relenting!'" (5-6) Because this was the decision of God and the determined declaration of God, Jeremiah could not say anything in front of Him. He cannot but accept it. Though it is still covered here, the central message of Jeremiah was "Follow to the Babylon! It is the way of your salvation." (cf. 27:11-12).
"'I will winnow them with a winnowing fork at the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, I will destroy My people; they did not repent of their ways. Their widows will be more numerous before Me than the sand of the seas; I will bring against them, against the mother of a young man, a destroyer at noonday; I will suddenly bring down on her anguish and dismay. She who bore seven sons pines away; her breathing is labored. Her son has set while it was yet day; she has been shamed and humiliated. So I shall give over their survivors to the sword before their enemies,' declares the Lord." (7-9) As for "them" of the male third person, it is thought that Israeli healthy men in their prime, and the "children" are next-generation youths. And their wives are added there, too. "At noonday", it will express "the height of the life" of women. In other words, the hand of judgment of God extends to all generations of people who should be the center of Jerusalem, and they are scattered by the fork of God (597), and the remaining people are killed by a sword (586). This was the event that happened at the time of the invasion of the Babylonia military, in fact. At the time of BC 597, Jeremiah witnessed its state and wrote this down. Referee of God in smithereens has been told repeatedly. The interest of God seems to concentrate on only the judgment of Israel as if it totally forgets all other things. Will God hate His own people, so much? Will that judgment come out of the hatred for them of God? No, it comes from His deep love for them. If it is so, will not His will be applied to their repentance and salvation? Still, there is hope. It is also told to us modern.