Jeremiah 12
The force of the Creator!

Jeremiah 10:6-16
2 Peter 4:12-19
Ⅰ In a traditional festival paean

As for from Chapter 8 to Chapter 10, I said earlier that it was not known when it was written, and some parts were not clear whether it was a word of Jeremiah or a word of God, and relatively short messages were arranged there. And I repeats it again, but this Jeremiah has been burned once by touching the king's anger (Chapter 36). The secretary Baruch has rewritten it again, but perhaps, there would be many things that were lost, I think. These were gathered again in the times of Captivity and editing were carried out, but, the part which was lost would have never recovered. Because this was the such prophecy that had been at the mercy of the era, it was natural that there were some fractional parts in Jeremiah which was transmitted to the present. However, even if it was fragmentary and easy and both time and the scenery were displayed as ignorance, the part which had been left was put as a thing of genuine Jeremiah here. Until now, I have taken up two places, 8:8-9 and 8:16-9:1; but this morning, I will take up the one place called "paean to God" and want to finish this part. About the "paean to God", it is arranged in three places in 6-7, 10, 12-16. Probably, it is thought that these were sung in public holidays and festival days; but because, these three paean are a bit different in the form, contents, it is thought that these were distributed to each of the expression order and the attendance raised a voice and would sing. Or a Levite choir in charge of the shrine praise might sing.

"There is none like Thee, O Lord; Thou art great, and great is Thy name in might. Who would not fear Thee, O King of the nations? Indeed it is Thy due! For among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like Thee." (6-7) This paean will be prayer. Partial of Verse six of the first half in particular, it shows that this is the God paean in a traditional festival as if they sing the only matchless excellence of God and say that Israel continued singing such a paean much more. Because Jeremiah was born and raised at the house of the Rabbi, would have such a paean be totally incised in the blood which streamed down his body like a lullaby? As for the thought called the sovereignty of Yahweh standing on the nations in Verse 7 of the latter half; there is a commentator who pointed out it, "There is a possibility that the cult of the king of the ancient Orient has been embedded faintly in it.", but it will be right. Because, the negation of gods is not proposed overall there. However, when it becomes Verse 10, such a point seems to appear still more. "But the Lord is the true God; He is the living God and the everlasting King, and His wrath the earth quakes, and the nations cannot endure His indignation." This thought is thought to have entered Israel unexpectedly early. Probably through Cannan religion...


Ⅱ With all heart

Now, the place I want to see the first is Verse 12-16 this morning; it is from the first half. "It is He who make the world by His power, who established the world by wisdom; and by His understanding He has stretched out the heavens. When He utters His voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and He causes the clouds to ascend from the end of the earth; He makes lightning for the rain, and brings out the wind from His storehouses. For the maker of all is He, and Israel is the tribe of His inheritance; the Lord of hosts is His name." (12-13,16) It was a confession to the Creator God, and also it was a confession that His creativity extends to any natural phenomenon and God is the Lord of the natural world. This confession is the origin of the elect Israel. Probably, it was the origin which have been handed down from generation to generation, since Genesis Chapter 1, which was told as oral tradition. However, I do not say that a record of Mosaic Law and Kings do not have this paean at all, but there is not too much. This confession appears in the Bible from the times down considerably; and often there are many in the Prophets and the Psalms, and it becomes its feature (Similar point: Psalms 96:4-6, 135:1-8, Isaiah 40:12-17, 28, 45:18, a lot of others). Let's watch Psalms 104. "Bless the Lord, O my soul! O Lord my God, Thou art very great; Thou art clothed with splendor and majesty, covering Thyself with light as with a cloak, stretching out heaven like a tent curtain, He lays the beam of His upper chambers in the waters; He makes the clouds His chariot; He walks upon the wings His messengers, flaming fire His ministers." (1-4; cf. follow) In the era that they did not interject any doubts to their Lord God of Israel that He is like this One, not surprisingly, such a confession was not necessary. However, after the era of the founding era and the patriarch, God became far from Israel, and they have forgotten its origin. And, in an era of crisis, this was the cultus hymn that was born as a need to teach the people of Israel, and its origin was in the prophets, I think. Therefor, Jeremiah would write directly in this cultus hymns, here. Though the modern critics have an opinion that this is not a thing of Jeremiah, it seems the thing by such circumstances. However, we must hear that this is also a message of Jeremiah, I think.

God of Israel has created the heavens and the earth, and He created Israel and Israel was created by Him, it was put in this confession. They, Israel has forgotten it. Therefore, they ran to the gods who was not God, and God faith of Israel has lapsed into religion of the world. The sadness of Jeremiah is caused there. He drew the world of the chaos earlier (4:23-26), and now also drew the magnificent Creation again; probably, it would be a message of Jeremiah with all the heart, and he said the Lord of Israel is true God and such gods whom they worship can not even extend to His foot. From Verse 10-11, such thought of Jeremiah seems to transmit to us.


Ⅲ The force of the Creator!

But curiously, the warning to idol worship is added to this cultus hymns. "Every man is stupid, devoid of knowledge; every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols; for his molten images are deceitful, and there is no breath in them. They are worthless, a work of mockery; in the time of their punishment they will perish." (14-15) Surely, this will be a cultus hymns of very old form. In Psalms, such a things seems to have been saved a lot. For example, there is it in Psalms 135. "Thy name, O Lord, is everlasting, Thy remembrance, O Lord, throughout all generations, for the Lord will judge His people, and will have compassion on His servants. The idols of the nations are but silver and gold, the work of man's hands. They have mouths, but they do not speak; they have eyes, but they do not see; nor is there any breath at all in their mouths." (13-17) This would be a typical paean that the commandments of the Lord and the anthem of idolatry were lined up and was sung. It is not clear in such Psalms that the denial for idol hymns is added in there, in Verse 11, this anthem that Jeremiah made; but because there is it with "Thus you shall say to them," "The gods that did not make the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under the heavens.", I expect it secretly whether it would be aimed at raising awareness of the Israeli, for the worship they should keep. If it is so, as for the article of Chapter 10, I can nod that the judgment of stern God to Israel becomes its basic tone.

The Queen of the heavens was an idol. However, the idol worship spread out with great force to every area, and the Queen of heavens was worshiped as mighty God above all. If you think that the religion to admire a tree and a stone have no power, it is a big mistake. Even if it is human belief, its power is very big. Besides because it was the faith in ancient society. There is a person who pours all his property or his life into there, even in the present age. It is not obviously power of true God, but it is "a different power"; but, we will have to learn that it works in the place where God is denied. Then, we must ask, where is the power of true God? The power of the Creator is working in every created world, but people denying the Creator can not understand it. And God is hiding His Own force, the force which can not compare to another force, to those people. We must open our eyes and stare at that force. Therefore, it is thought that Jeremiah has talked this hymn as own message. We, the modern people, have to hear it carefully, too.



The genealogy of prophets